What do modern Egyptians eat

The Egyptians knew the first breakfast


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Hunger and food intake are also regulated homeostatically, that is: If the stores are empty, we fill them up again by eating. According to Klaus, the rhythm of meals is a factor that is decisive for the drop in blood sugar and ultimately for food intake. Nutritionists are increasingly agreeing: it depends on the rhythm. "Regular meals are more important than the time," says ecotrophologist Gesa Schönberger, who researches our eating culture. Whether we eat three or five meals makes no difference to health. "The body needs about four to five hours to break down absorbed substances and to register new requirements," says Schönberger. So it is crucial that we eat regularly. It doesn't matter whether we start at seven or eleven o'clock. Breakfast as we know it is, according to Schönberger, very strongly influenced by culture.

Beer and wine in the morning

It is the result of millennia of development. After primitive man discovered fire, it took a long time for the morning eating habit to become established. The first breakfast is occupied in Egypt for around 2,500 years before Christ. This is indicated by wall inscriptions that researchers found in the pyramid of Unas, the last ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 5th dynasty. The texts mention three meals for the first time. Lists of offerings that were placed in tombs as part of the decoration can be found in what an ancient Egyptian breakfast might have looked like. This also shows that the ancient Egyptians called the first meal in the morning a mouthwash because the mouth was ritually rinsed with water beforehand. They then ate various types of pastries and bread, the fruits of the Christ thorn, tiger nuts and figs. Instead of coffee, they drank beer and wine for breakfast. Meals were served on mats of reeds, low armchairs or stools. The ancient Egyptians did not document the exact time of breakfast. But it must have been of particular importance to them, after all, there were officials who were specifically responsible for the Pharaoh's breakfast. Strictly speaking, our imperial breakfast is pharaonic.

It is astonishing that food companies and the advertising industry have not yet taken advantage of this, as they inflate the importance of breakfast. The supermarket shelves are overflowing with jams, muesli and breakfast cereals. With "Long live breakfast" (Rama) or "Time for family, time for breakfast" (Hohes C), the manufacturers charge their breakfast products emotionally. Gunther Hirschfelder, cultural scientist at the University of Regensburg, works in the field of ethnological food research. If you ask him how breakfast got this meaning in this country, he makes it clear: "Nowadays, food is judged primarily on a material level. It is primarily a social act." Breakfast is advertised as an expression of family unity: happy families sit at the table, mothers pour orange juice, and children spoon their cornflakes - the modern symbol of an imperial breakfast. "Breakfast conveys an optimistic attitude towards the day," says Hirschfelder. That is also the reason why hedonistic products that are supposed to do the body good, such as functional food or pre- and probiotics, are often breakfast products.

Mareile Jenß

is an ecotrophologist and always enjoyed breakfast extensively. Since her research, however, she has often skipped the first meal of the day - without a guilty conscience.

By the way, prehistoric man should also have enjoyed breakfast, as we do it today, at least the sweet dishes. Our love for sweets is innate and ensured the survival of our ancestors. For example, as a quick source of energy, fruits were of particular importance in early nutrition. Our arms and legs are also so long because our ancestors had to reach for them in trees. Only the latte macchiato and the milk in the muesli would not have been suitable for primitive man. The tolerance of the milk sugar lactose was only established approximately 7,500 years ago. So one thing is certain: if primitive man had eaten breakfast in today's style, he would have gone on the hunt with a lot of flatulence.