Was Hitler's work of art good
Hitler's fight against modernity
"The whole art and culture stuttering of Cubists, Futurists, Dadaists, etc. is neither racially justified nor tolerable by the people - it is at most to be seen as an expression of a worldview that admits of itself that the dissolution of all existing concepts, of all peoples and races, their intermingling and falsification is the highest goal of their intellectual authors and their leaders' guild. "
Unfortunately, Hitler, the painter from Braunau who was unable to do so, unfortunately shared his understanding of art with millions of Germans at the time. Everything that was colorful - Cubism, Fauvism or Expressionism, for example - aroused not only the "Führer", but also the so-called "healthy popular feeling" of the indignant masses.
"If National Socialism was able to achieve successful results so quickly in certain areas of life, it is because it was relatively easy to trace the various currents of power in the body of our people, to organize them and let them take effect."
Art had to be generally understandable, and what art was determined by the Reich Chamber of Culture under the chairmanship of its notorious Reich Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Anything that was not compatible with the Aryan, racial, ethnic or simply faithful German view of the world was considered "degenerate" - and was forbidden.
"And that must be clearly stated: Not only the political, but also the cultural development of the Third Reich is determined by those who created it."
Since the Nazis "seizure of power" in January 1933 - like all areas of life - literature, film, theater and music, in short: all fine arts, have been subjected to conformity and their creators and performers who are out of line have been subjected to persecution There was a ban on the purchase of works by non-Aryan artists for German museums, a general ban on modern art since 1936, and in 1937 indoctrination and propaganda reached a further high point with the exhibition "Degenerate Art".
On June 30, 1937, the Nazi "Day of German Art" (for the fanfare of which a distorted major version of the main theme from Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony had to be used), the painter and new Reich Chamber of Art President Adolf Ziegler was authorized by Goebbels and Hitler to do the "Selecting and securing works of decaying German art (sic!) since 1910 in the field of painting and sculpture that are in the possession of the German Reich, Länder and municipalities for the purpose of an exhibition."
Less than three weeks later, enough art treasures had been confiscated. On July 19, 1937, the exhibition "Degenerate Art" opened in the gallery building of the Munich Hofgarten-Arkaden and presented, in addition to drawings and photographs of mentally and physically handicapped people, around 600 to 700 works by 112 artists, including works by Lyonel Feininger and Paul Klee or Otto Dix. Pathologized art and frail people were exposed to ridicule.
"How deep the people's aversion is to an enrichment of their art that is expected of such products can all be seen from the impressions that a visit to the exhibition" Degenerate Art "leaves on the viewers."
The day before, Hitler had opened the Munich "House of Art", where the people should find their true art: depictions of muscled boys in mountain clothes, oiled ham nursing mothers (did the mothers paint them?), Heroes of the plaice and heroes in war. The Barlachs and Beckmanns, the Chagalls and the Kandinskys, however, hung very close by in the Hofgarten arcades. That was 70 years ago, but the consequences of that barbaric cultural policy are still felt today. A total of 16,000 works of art were confiscated, recycled, destroyed or sold abroad as part of the purges of German collections and galleries. The museums and courts, which are still preoccupied with the relevant questions of restitution (and the claims of the heirs), can tell a song about it.
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