Why is New Zealand so peaceful
History of the Maori and Settlers in New Zealand
Polynesians populate New Zealand
The Polynesians are said to have reached the New Zealand islands in their canoes from the Pacific. Based on skeletal parts found, the Human presence in New Zealand dated to 1280. Other sources indicate that settlement should have taken place earlier. The Legend of the Maori reports that around 925 AD the navigator Kupe from the island of Hawaiki, near Tahiti, is said to have been the first to set foot on New Zealand soil and the country Aotearoa - "Land of the Long White Cloud" called. The fact is that the first settlers had to be experienced seafarers who also had the technical prerequisites to cover such gigantic distances on the open sea.
Seafarers discover the New Zealand islands
But it is known that a certain one Abel Janszoon Tasman, a Dutch navigator, exploring the South Pacific in 1642 for the first time as a European on the South Island of New Zealand, in the Golden Bay, anchored. The French and the British followed later. A well-known representative was James Cook, who toured the waters of the North Island in 1769 and close to today's Gisborne went ashore. Initially, the encounters between Cook and the Maoris were marked by hostilities, only later did the situation ease. Cook also toured New Zealand several times, surveying and writing detailed reports. Other immigrants followed him to explore, proselytize and economically exploit the newly discovered country.
Waitangi Treaty for Peaceful Coexistence
The immigration aspirations of Europeans and the associated occupation of the country as well as disregard for Tapu commandments increasingly led to conflicts with the local Maoris. Bloody arguments were the result. To settle the disputes was 1840 the still controversial Treaty of Waitangi closed. 50 Maori chiefs signed the contract and recognized them Sovereignty of the British crown at. In return the Maoris retained the existing private and collective property rights on their land, but on the premise that only the British Crown was allowed to acquire Maori land. To this day it is February 6th a public holiday, which not every Maori is benevolent towards. Even if this treaty represented the first milestone for a peaceful coexistence of both cultures, it also meant a loss of power and independence for the Maoris and led to renewed conflicts over the course of history.
Between gold rush and economic crisis
In 1840 Auckland became the capital of New Zealand and remained so until 1865. Gold was first found in New Zealand in 1861 and so the Gold rush, the numerous traders into the country lured. This is where Dunedin developed to the gold digger metropolis and the number of immigrants increased noticeably. Forests were extensively cleared to create grazing land and to feed the growing population. The continued to flourish Export of wool products. In 1879 the economy came to a standstill, as gold reserves decreased and the export market faced strong competition.
Reforms and socialization around 1900
With the new government made up of liberals and socialists, social reforms were introduced around 1900, such as Old-age pension, women's right to vote and an 8-hour working day. The economy slowly recovered. The following two World wars brought New Zealand an economic boom as well as mountains of debt. New Zealand supported the British troops in World War I and New Zealanders fought on the side of the Allies in World War II. The ANZAC Memorial Day still reminds us of the fallen New Zealanders of 1915. After the world wars, New Zealand gained its independence in 1947 and enters the Commonwealth of Nations at.
Equality from the Maoris in the 20th century
In 1975 it became Waitangi Tribunal brought to life. The tribunal has the task of protecting the claims of the Maoris based on the Waitangi Treaty of 1840. In 1995 the British government apologized publicly for the land expropriation and promised the Maoris compensation. A cornerstone has been laid for the peaceful coexistence of both cultures. They are also a positive sign of this Maraes - these are meeting placeswhere the Maoris exchange ideas with their white neighbors in order to build a future together.
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