Carpet can be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner

Cleaning the Carpet: Effective Tips and Home Remedies

For many, carpet is still the preferred floor covering: The soft surface creates a particularly homely environment. A disadvantage of carpet, however, is that dirt is more difficult to remove than, for example, laminate.

Carpets are subject to heavy wear and tear in everyday life. It is not just the shoes of the residents and visitors that affect them. Add to this crumbs and sometimes spilled liquids. But: "Much of what is soiling the carpet is not recognizable at first glance," explains Siegfried Lange from the German Textile Cleaning Association in Bonn. Dust and pollutants from the air accumulate in the tissue. Therefore, near construction sites or on roads with heavy traffic, the carpets also get dirty faster and more heavily.

Vacuum the carpet

Vacuuming is the standard procedure for cleaning carpets. If there is carpet in the whole apartment, vacuuming should be carried out at least twice a week. Lange recommends a brush vacuum for this. The mechanically driven brush taps the carpet a bit and the dirt can be loosened more easily than when vacuuming with a normal carpet nozzle. "It's a bit more difficult, but it's much more effective."

But vacuuming can damage the surface if sand and dust have settled in it. They look like sandpaper, says Lange. "If you go over it with the vacuum cleaner, the little grains shave the hair off the carpet, so to speak." If a particularly large amount of lint collects in the dust bag, this is an indication. Then you should think about professional cleaning.

Vacuuming protects against pests

Regular vacuuming also helps against pest infestation. "Lay on natural carpets and furs Clothes mothslike to shed their eggs, "explains Mario Heising from the German Pest Control Association." If more than ten to 20 moths fly around the house, action is required. "If the carpet is damaged by moths, at least the runner is best brought to the cleaning or to the pest controller "They remove the pests and their eggs with the help of cold or heat treatment." Large-area carpets can be processed on site.

This is how you can remove stains

Stains on the carpet should be removed if possiblewhen they're still fresh. But there is no all-purpose tool. Every stain and fabric is different. It is best to put a thick towel on the fresh stain and let clear water run through, says Heisig. The liquid from the stain then draws into the towel. "And please dab at most, just don't rub and rub," warns Lange.

Stains on carpets should be treated immediately:
1. Solid stains are first scraped off with the back of a knife. Liquids are picked up with an absorbent cloth.
2. Treat the stain with lukewarm water and an absorbent cloth. Better to do without dishwashing detergents and mild detergents. These agents often leave surfactants in the carpet as a sticky mass. That way it gets dirty again faster.
3. After cleaning, pat the carpet dry with an absorbent cloth. Work with the line.

Home remedies for stains

Water is the best remedy for stains. If the stains are already dry, this alone can sometimes not do anything. You can try the following home remedies for typical stains - but keep in mind that soapy water often leaves surfactants in the carpet. So always try only with water first.

  • Coffee stains: An instant treatment with lukewarm mild detergent solution can help. Take this up with a cloth or sponge and dab the dirty area evenly from the outside in.
  • Red wine stains: A quick reaction is important with red wine. To soak up the red wine, put a little salt on the stain. Then dab the stain off the carpet with mineral water and soapy water.
  • Chocolate: The stain can be treated with ice. Put a cold pack or a bag of ice cubes on the affected area, let the stain set. You can then carefully scrape off the chocolate with a knife. Residues can be washed out with soapy water.
  • Ballpoint pen lines: You can loosen these stains with warm lemon juice. Then treat the area with a little soapy water.
  • Burn mark: If it is a superficial burn mark, take a piece of fine sandpaper and run it over the burn mark in a circular motion until it disappears.
  • Other stains: Baking soda can also make stains disappear. Apply it to the area to be treated. Then pour some hot water on it. Let the mixture sit for a few hours and then dab it off.

Sometimes, however, only a chemical cleaning agent or the direct route to cleaning can help. However, the chemical dirt removers often attack the color of the carpet. It is best to test the cleaner on an inconspicuous area first.

Not an all-purpose weapon: Do not treat carpet with steamers

If soap is used, it must be washed out again, otherwise the dirt will stick particularly stubbornly in the future. It is completely wrong to get rid of the stain with hot air from steam devices. "Due to the high temperatures, the stains would only be firmly burned into the fabric," says Lange. "Then you can never get it out again, not even with professional technology."

Take special care with natural carpets

Carpets made from natural materials such as wool should be treated even more gently than synthetic materials. You can only tolerate water, a mild soap and, if necessary, wool detergent, explains the International Association of the Natural Textile Industry. The color fastness must be checked before treatment. Otherwise colors can wash out and become blurred. It is best to first try out an inconspicuous area to see how the material behaves.

Clean the carpet on the snow cover

In the past, when households were not yet fully equipped with vacuum cleaners, you knocked your carpets out in the open. And in winter they were laid with the pile side on the closed snow cover. "That's not a bad idea even today," says Lange from the German Textile Cleaning Association. Similar to professional carpet cleaning, the pile is rinsed with water. In the snow, the carpet does not get particularly wet and can still be moved easily.

Commercial carpet cleaners, on the other hand, brush the carpets with so much water that they are completely soaked and three to four times heavier. So they can no longer be transported without machines.

Cleaning with an extraction device

With an extraction device, even laypeople can thoroughly clean their carpet themselves. A cleaning solution is sprayed on and immediately sucked off again. "The dirt is removed with the help of a vacuum," explains Lange. Consumers can borrow these devices from specialist shops. Since the carpet becomes damp in the process, the procedure should be carried out with sufficient ventilation and the warmest possible weather.