What are the Filipino Cultural Values

The Filipino value system or values ​​refer to the set of values ​​or value system that a majority of Filipinos have historically considered important in their lives. This Filipino value system includes their own unique set of consistent ideologies, moral codes, ethical practices, etiquette, and cultural and personal values ​​promoted by their society. As with any other society, the values ​​an individual considers sacred can vary based on religion, upbringing, and other factors.

As a general description, the different value system of the Filipinos is primarily based on personal alliance systems, especially those based on kinship, obligation, friendship, religion (especially Christianity) and business relationships.

Philosophical basis
Filipino values ​​are largely geared towards maintaining social harmony, which is mainly motivated by the desire to be accepted within a group. The main sanctions against deviating from these values ​​are the terms “hiya”, roughly translated “shame” and “amor propio” or “self-esteem”. Social approval, acceptance by a group, and belonging to a group are important concerns. Caring about what others think, say, or do has a profound impact on Filipino social behavior.

According to the anthropologist Leonardo Mercado, the Filipino worldview is fundamentally “nondualistic”. Based on his linguistic analyzes of Filipino value concepts such as loob (Cebuano buot), he concludes that Filipinos desire harmony not only in interpersonal relationships but also with nature and religion, while still remaining non-dichotomous.

"The Filipino wants to harmonize the object and the subject, but at the same time keep both as independent."
- Elements of Filipino Philosophy (1974), Leonardo Mercado, SVD

Florentino Timbreza, a cultural philosopher, concludes in his book Pilosopiyang Pilipino (1982) that Filipino values ​​are based on the importance of the world to humans. Life experiences dictate Filipino philosophy, supplemented by other sources such as proverbs, folk sayings, folk tales, and the like.

Models of Filipino Values
F. Landa Jocano identified two models of the Filipino value system. The first is the exogenous model or the foreign model, while the second is the indigenous model or the traditional model. The foreign model is described as a “legal and formal” model. The indigenous model is described as a “traditional and non-formal” model or guide, but it is deeply embedded in the subconscious of Filipinos.

The foreign model was adopted by Filipinos from Western cultures, particularly Spanish and Americans. An example of foreign or exogenous influence is the bureaucracy exhibited in the Philippine government.

Elements and Composition of Filipino Values
Based on studies, surveys, opinions, anecdotes, and other literatures by experts and researchers regarding Filipino social values ​​or fundamental Filipino values, along with the Filipino character or Filipino identity of a person or person known as the Filipino who possess the Filipino value system inherent Key elements.

One can see how hiya (decency / dignity), pakikisama (companionship / appreciation) and utang na loob (gratitude / solidarity) are just superficial values ​​- readily seen and observed values ​​that are shown and cherished by many Filipinos. These three values ​​are viewed as branches from a single origin - the very core value of the Filipino personality kapwa. It means “togetherness” and refers to community or not doing things alone. Kapwa has two categories, Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (no other people). The surface values ​​emerge from the core value through the central aspect of pakikramdam or shared inner perception (“feeling for another”).

Other notable key elements or motivations are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and kindness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respect for oneself and others Respect for women in society, fear of God and abhorrence of deception and deception.

The values ​​of the Filipinos are in particular the following points: solidarity of the family unit, security of the Filipino economy, orientation towards small groups, personalism, the terms “loob” or “kalooban” (which is “what is in itself”) “inner self” or the “Actual personal feelings of self”), existence and maintenance of smooth interpersonal relationships, and perceiving the feelings or needs of others (known as pakikramdam). In a larger picture, these values ​​are grouped into general clusters, or “macro-clusters”: namely, the relationship cluster, the social cluster, the livelihood cluster, the inwardness cluster, and the optimism cluster.

List of Filipino values

Human activities
This is the common sense of identity and awareness of the “other”. It means treating others as equals with respect and dignity, not someone below the individual.

Family orientation
The basic and most important unit of a Filipino's life is the family. Unlike in western countries, young Filipinos who turn 18 are not expected to move out of their parents' home. When the parents of a Filipino are old and cannot take care of themselves, they are looked after in their children's homes and very rarely are taken to old people's homes by their children. The practice of separating older people from the rest of the family, as is common in Western countries, is often rejected in Filipino society. Family dinners with the whole clan with up to 50 people, extending up to the second cousin, are not uncommon. The Filipino attaches great importance to family value and closeness to family members.

Joy and humor
That famous trait is Filipinos' ability to find humor in everything. It sheds light on the optimism and positive attitude of Filipinos in any situation they find themselves in to stay determined, face battles or challenges. It serves as a coping technique, just like a child who has fallen laughs at themselves to hide their embarrassment.

Flexibility, adaptability and creativity
Studies show that Filipinos often dislike a set of standardized rules or procedures; They are known for following a "natural clock" or an organic sense of time - doing things in time that they see fit. They are present-oriented: which means that you devote yourself to a task or requirement when it is needed and not care much about future tasks. This allows the Filipino to adapt to the tasks that are not tied to a specific schedule or timeframe. This allows them to think on their feet and be creative as they face whatever challenge or task they have, even if it's already right in front of them.

Belief and religiosity
The Philippines are approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent “other” religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of the Chinese and the “indigenous” animistic beliefs of some of the mountainous peoples of 300 opposed years of Spanish colonial rule. This is a reflection of the Filipinos' strong belief in God as seen in their various practices. These include the numerous ecclesiastical holidays that they observe, the usual (and compulsory) Sunday mass, the basis of their moral standpoints, the influence of the church on the thoughts, actions and opinions of the majority, the meaning of the sacraments, prayer almost every possible time of day , the extreme practices during Holy Week,

Ability to survive
The Filipinos, as a people constantly under the rule of numerous powerful countries, have, over time, developed a sense of ingenuity or the ability to survive with all that they have. They have the extraordinary ability to make something out of almost nothing. If only a screwdriver, plastic bags, and tape were provided to a Filipino, they would still be able to build a bird tree, mostly to survive, and provided they were allowed to hunt for something needed surrounding material.

Hard work and diligence
With ingenuity comes hard work. Filipinos are very determined and persistent in whatever they set out to do.

Filipinos have proven time and again over the years that they are a hardworking people. Unfortunately, this is seen by other than Filipinos who are only useful as domestic help and work overseas to help their families in the country. This also applies to the country's workforce, especially farmers. Even with little support, technological weaknesses, and the country's seasonal typhoons, the Filipino farmer is still eager to earn his daily meal.

Foreigners visiting the Philippines speak of Filipinos who go out of their way to help them when they are lost, or of the heartwarming generosity of a Filipino family who host a visitor in their paltry home. Meanwhile, most foreigners attending Filipino gatherings overseas (often organized for hundreds of reasons) testify to the warmth and friendliness of Filipinos when they experience this sense of "belonging". In fact, legendary Filipino hospitality isn't limited to the Philippines. It's everywhere there are Filipinos.

Gender specific values
In terms of parenting, bearing both male and female children depends on the preferences of the parents based on the expected roles each gender would assume after growing up. Both sexes are expected to become responsible members of the family and their society. The women in the Philippines are expected to become caring mothers for their own children.

Female Filipinos should also help with the household. They are even expected to offer support after the wedding. Filipino men, on the other hand, are expected to take on the role of becoming the main source of income and financial support for his family.

Models of Filipino Customs
F. Landa Jocano and two models of the Philippine customs system. The first is the foreign model and the second is the native or traditional model. The foreign model is legal and formal. The traditional model is formal and informal, but its roots are deeply ingrained in the Filipino consciousness. According to Virgelio G. Enriquez, Filipinos are better placed to study the Filipino point of view in order to fully understand it, so it is best to use the native model of Filipino customs inspection.

The foreign model is inherited in Western cultures, especially Spain and America. An example of foreign or foreign influence is the bureaucracy in the Philippine government.

Elements and from Filipino customs
Based on research, studies, inquiries, options, anecdotes, and other literary works by experts related to social or basic customs, as well as the personality, identity, and traits of Filipinos, Filipino organizations have been found to have a natural element. It includes a positive view of the future, a negative view of current affairs, caring for others, kindness, hospitality, hospitality, respect and respect, respect for women, fear of God, high-end cheating and robbery.

One can see that shame, association and debt found in most Filipinos are just hypocrisy tied to one central practice - both. Both are the unity of self and the other, and there are two categories: another person and no other person. These hypocritical practices relate to the central behavioral practice through feeling.

Moderate discretion
Women and men are expected to be sober and good members of society. Girls and boys are also expected to help raise children in families. Every family is different from the roles of women and men, anyone who can work, cook, or help at home, but usually women are expected to look after the child and do household chores, while men are expected to be work and family support financial terms.

Common Filipino Customs
Another is the concept of the two words English to others because both the unity of self and others. This is the assumption of another person as being the same and similar. Filipinos are about mutual respect and dignity as a person.

Be close to the family
In Western cultures, you are expected to leave home, live, and support yourself when someone is 18 years old. Filipino customs are different: at the age of a Filipino, he still lives in his parents' house until he is ready to have a family of his own. When the parent is old and unable to fend for themselves, children are expected to look after them, the "retirement home" is rarely seen in the Philippines in western societies and cultures. Family gatherings and meals are also uncommon in Filipino culture. Families are so important to Filipinos.

Filipinos know how to joke in every situation. Even if the perpetrators do not fit into the situation, it reflects the optimism and determination of Filipinos in the face of poverty. The joke is also used to prevent shame when he is ashamed or has committed shame or shame.

Adjust the situation
Organically and culturally the concept of Filipino Time, they do things when they feel it is time to do it right. You are not tied to the schedule, and you are focused now, not the future. Filipinos adapt to his situation, when it is time to breathe, to breathe, and when it is necessary to work, he will work. They won't worry about things that haven't happened yet because they know they will adjust when the time comes. Filipinos think quickly and find solutions to problems even when faced with them.

Perseverance and strength
Filipino history is full of failure and poverty, but Filipinos are still victorious. Foreigners were confiscated, destroyed by war, subjected to martial law, ruled by disaster, devastated by typhoons, and everything else, did not give up and did not give up Filipinos trying to find solutions to the problem.

The nerve is one of the seven most important qualities a Filipino has. It refers to people's ability to pursue poverty or death rather than poverty. It is a very important element in achieving dignity, and often a person's courage arises when trying to fight his dignity. However, they are not the only interests to ponder when discussing the reasons Filipinos show courage. In addition to the first saying that a person's courage is to protect his dignity, he can also fight for justice for his neighbor. Hence, courage can be said to be a feeling, or an inner feeling, that is important in order to be good for everyone.

Examples that show courage
Lapu-Lapu fought with Ferdinand Magellan to protect its citizens from the forces of Spanish. Despite Lapu-Lapu's disadvantage that Magellan's weapons were better, he tried to persuade him to beat the Spaniards.
The rich and poor of the EDSA revolution have come together to remove former President Ferdinand Marcos. Although they have no weapons and no military, they also go to EDSA to defend justice and their rights.
Jose Rizal wrote his Noli Me Tangere and El filibusterism books even though he knew the Spaniards could kill him if they saw it. Because of Dr. Rizal, the Filipinos woke up to the oppression they had experienced under the Spaniards and they started the revolution to gain independence.
Filipinos are diligent and patient in the work they are determined to finish. Filipinos will find this in their farms. Although the farmers' technology and equipment are obsolete, and the farms are often destroyed because of the hurricanes, they are still struggling to survive. The Filipino concept of the OFW or Filipino Overseas Worker is intrigued by the Filipino consciousness to help and support their families.

The Filipinos are very important to respect, and they are seen by their “po” and “opo” uses. Children are expected to listen and always obey parents and older adults. They are also meant to relate to older adults. And even when a Filipino is old enough, they still respect their parents' suggestions, wants, and needs; parents still influence their children's decisions.