Which country has the most refugees?

Peace issues

Most of the refugees live outside of Europe. At the end of 2018, these countries took in the most refugees:

1. Turkey 3.700.000
2. Pakistan 1.400.000
3. Uganda 1.165.700
4. Sudan 1.000.000
5. Germany 1.063.800
6. Iran 979.400
7. Lebanon 949.700
8. Bangladesh 906.600 
9. Ethiopia  903.200
10. Jordan  715.300


Here you can print out the map.


Germany ranks fifth and offered a little over 1 million refugees as of the end of 2018. There are more than three times more refugees living in Turkey than in Germany. Almost all refugees in Turkey come from Syria. Most of the refugees in Uganda come from South Sudan. Since the split from Sudan in 2011, there has been a civil war and a great famine there.

These figures only include people who are registered and recognized as refugees in their host country. According to the UN, refugees are those who are forced to flee because they are persecuted in their own country.

In addition to the recognized refugees, there are other refugees living in most countries who have been granted a different protection status or who are still waiting for their asylum applications to be processed.

There are countries that have taken in particularly large numbers of refugees in relation to their population. Compared to the number of inhabitants, Lebanon has the most refugees, at the end of 2018 there were 156 refugees per 1000 inhabitants. Every 6th resident is a refugee. In Jordan there were 72 refugees per 1000 inhabitants. Every 14th inhabitant there has fled. And in Turkey there were 45 refugees per 1000 inhabitants at the end of 2018. This means that every 22nd resident in Turkey is a refugee.

Most of the refugees per 1000 inhabitants live in these 10 countries:

1. Lebanon
2. Jordan
3. Turkey
4. Chad
5. Uganda
6. Sudan
7. Sweden
8. South Sudan
9. Malta
10. Djibouti

Source: UNHCR Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2018, https://www.unhcr.org/5d08d7ee7.pdf (as of February 17, 2020).