How obesity causes mental depression
Obesity: Exclusion favors mental illness
The prejudice, devaluation, social exclusion, and discrimination people experience because of their obesity act like chronic stressors. The psychological stress caused by this stigma can lead to depression, anxiety disorders and often even further weight gain. The Integrated Research and Treatment Center for Obesity Diseases (IFB) in Leipzig examined the mechanisms behind this on the basis of available studies. The results were recently published in the journal "Obesity".
The researchers analyzed 46 scientific studies that examined the connection between the stigma of severely overweight people with mental distress. "Many risk factors for mental illness are very pronounced in people with obesity - also because of their stigmatization," says study director Claudia Sikorski.
Above all, the reduced self-esteem described in the studies is considered to be a major risk factor for mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety disorders. Based on an approach taken by Columbia University to explain the effects of stigmatization on homosexual people, Sikorski developed a model for the greater susceptibility of obese patients to mental illness.
Those affected have a reduced self-esteem and a reduced ability to cope with problems (coping). There are also other risk factors such as negative self-perception, increased loneliness and a lack of social support. Morbidly overweight men and women also accept the negative external image that is revealed by stigmatization as a self-image.
Experts speak of an internalized stigma or self-stigma, which can lead to a vicious circle of stigma, more social withdrawal, further weight gain and consequently ever greater stigma. In addition, there is often the experience of disadvantage and discrimination in social and professional life. In the case of weight loss programs in particular, trust in one's own abilities and strength is indispensable, because the therapy of obesity requires commitment and motivation from the patient more than other diseases.
Break the vicious circle
Sikorski is looking for therapeutic approaches to break this vicious circle. "Our work is important for improved obesity therapy because we cannot trust that the social perception of people with obesity will improve in the foreseeable future. We should therefore show those affected ways and means of dealing with stigmatization," says the scientist.
In a follow-up study, Sikorski's team, in cooperation with the forsa opinion research institute, asked around 1,000 adults with obesity about their experiences with stigmatization and how they deal with it. This should help to better understand how stigmatization is experienced, how it unfolds its negative effects and how those affected can deal with it. (red, derStandard.at, 9.1.2015)
- How are things defined in the 4th dimension
- Why are so many puzzles left unsolved?
- What do teenagers think of sex
- How does inflammation affect the body?
- Why does Quora not have a bookmark function
- What is steam condenser
- How is appendix cancer diagnosed
- How can I earn extra pocket money?
- How do I deal with unstructured data
- Is Death Stranding a good game
- What are the best gun safes
- Why are people interested in psychology these days?
- Can fly over the Arctic
- How do you fear yourself from fear
- Why are cookies so delicious
- Hiring DuckDuckGo freshmen
- What's bagged in python
- Are Szekelys the old Hungarians
- Why mitochondrial DNA is not mutated
- What is an SMS subscriber
- Biblically, Satan killed someone
- What's the most fascinating thing about life
- Are thermogenic supplements safe
- What are some personal trainer certifications