What's in middle school

The school system in Bavaria

The four-year elementary school is followed by the Bavarian School system various secondary schools at:

  • the middle school
  • the secondary school and
  • the high school.

There are also specialized schools for special needs. In Bavaria there are also five "schools of a special kind" which will be continued as integrated or cooperative comprehensive schools after the state-wide school trials have ended in 1994.

inclusion
With the amendment to the Bavarian Education and Teaching Act, Bavaria has been placing particular emphasis on the inclusion of children with special educational needs in general school lessons since 2003. Inclusion will be gradually expanded for all funding priorities. The right to decide whether a child learns inclusive or at the special school rests with the parents as a rule. Funding priorities in Bavaria are: language, learning, emotional and social development, hearing, seeing, physical and motor development as well as mental development. The school offers are diverse and should support the parents' right to make decisions. The offer ranges from various inclusive offers at all types of schools through to specialized special needs schools in all special needs areas. In the mobile special educational service MSD, teachers from special needs schools support families of children with special educational needs as well as their teachers. Schools can integrate inclusion into their profile and thus anchor individual support in class and in everyday school life to a particular degree.

CurriculumPLUS
The right of the child to education right from the start is the focus of the Bavarian educational concept. Education is understood as a continuous process. Learning content and competencies build on one another. With its binding orientation and reference framework, the curriculumPLUS forms the basis for meaningful cooperation between the various educational venues, from day-care centers to school graduation. On the basis of these guidelines, the Bavarian education and training plan BayBEP and the curricula for the Bavarian school are being further developed, as are the concepts for the training, further education and training of teachers. Accordingly, the PLUS curriculum applies to elementary schools, middle schools, secondary schools and grammar schools.

Overview of the Bavarian school system

Read more information about the school system in Bavaria:

Changes in the school year 2018/2019 in Bavaria

high school
The Bavarian Ministry of Culture is planning to offer a nine-year learning period at the grammar school again in the 2018/2019 school year from year 5 onwards. The concept for the further development of the grammar school primarily focuses on more quality and more time through the possibility of individual study time.

The primary school in Bavaria

school enrollment
All children who turn six by September 30th are required to attend school. However, the parents' wish to start school early can be taken into account. The final decision on admission to school is made by the school management. In principle, children are assigned to the school in their school district (Sprengelschule).

Subjects / organization
After completing the “Flexible Elementary School” trial, the first two grades of elementary school can be completed in one, two or three years, depending on the individual's level of learning. The lessons take place across all grades. Learning development interviews replace the half-yearly reports. Cross-year classes are also possible in classes 3 and 4 under the term “combined year classes”.
English is taught in grades 3 and 4 with two hours per week each.

Proof of achievement / grades / transfer regulations
In grade 1 and in the first six months of grade 2, grades are not yet awarded; the achievements are described with a written comment. Grades are only awarded from grade 2 onwards. Social behavior as well as learning and work behavior are assessed in all certificates. In the 3rd and 4th grades, the performance in the subjects German, mathematics and home and science lessons decide on the promotion.

Comparative work
Find in grade 2 Orientation work in German (spelling).
All federal states uniformly conduct the study of learning levels in the third grade in the subjects German and mathematics VERA 3 by.
With IGLOO (International Primary School Reading Study) /PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study), an international comparative reading test in the fourth grade is carried out every five years in all 16 federal states. In 2016, Germany took part in IGLU / PIRLS for the fourth time.
Germany also participates in TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study). The focus of this study is on the mathematical and scientific competencies of elementary school children. It is carried out every four years, most recently in 2015.

Transfer regulations
Parents receive initial information about the transfer as early as 3rd grade. At the end of primary school, the children receive a transfer certificate with a recommended school career. The decisive factor is the overall average grade for the subjects German, mathematics, and home and science classes in the 4th grade. An average grade of at least 2.33 is required for a high school recommendation, and an average grade of at least 2.66 for a high school recommendation. If the children want to switch to grammar school or junior high school despite their poor grade average, they can take part in trial lessons. Written assignments in the subjects German and mathematics are submitted within three days. Oral performance is also graded. The overall grade of the trial lesson then decides whether or not to stay at this type of school: if at least a 3 and a 4 are achieved, the student can stay at the school. With two fours, the change is also possible at the request of the parents.

The secondary schools in Bavaria

Middle school

The middle school comprises grades 5 to 9 or 10. The lessons are strongly geared towards job-related content. For the middle school as well as for the elementary school, the principle of the district applies. The allocation of the school is based on the place of residence. In principle, there is an option only within middle school networks. In order to promote talented individual educational paths, a cooperation between middle and secondary schools is possible.

Middle school is particularly characterized by three characteristics:

  • the professionally oriented branches of technology, economics and social affairs
  • an all-day offer
  • an offer that leads to a middle school leaving certificate

Proof of achievement / grades / transfer regulations In order to be promoted, an overall average grade of at least 4 or better must be achieved in all advancement subjects. Advancement subjects are all compulsory and elective subjects with the exception of sports. Pupils in grades 7 to 9 of the Middle Reife classes who have not reached the goal of the respective grade for the first time can advance on probation with the consent of their legal guardians.

Comparative work
In the 8th grade, all federal states carry out a uniform survey of the level of learning in the subjects German, mathematics and the first foreign language (English or French) VERA 8 by.
In addition, in Bavaria in the lower secondary level I Grade work conducted: in the subjects of mathematics (grade 10), German (grade 6), English (grades 6 and 10) and Latin (grade 6).

degrees
The middle school offers the following degrees:
> Successful completion of middle school after grade 9
> Qualifying graduation from middle school after year 9
> Middle school leaving certificate after grade 10
> Qualified vocational qualification (Quabi)

Pupils who are at least in the 9th year of school attendance and who are attending a practical class can successfully graduate from secondary school after passing the final examination with a high degree of practical orientation. Schoolchildren in grade 9 can also voluntarily undergo the special performance assessment for the qualifying degree.
In grade 10, pupils can acquire the secondary school leaving certificate. He awards, inter alia. the right to attend secondary schools and is therefore equivalent to the secondary school leaving certificate.
The so-called "Quabi" is a middle school diploma that former middle school students with a qualifying degree from middle school and an above-average professional qualification can obtain. It is issued by the middle school. Requirements are a chamber certificate with at least an overall grade of 3 and proof of at least sufficient knowledge of English.

Transitions / changes
With the successful completion of the middle school, a change to the vocational or vocational school is possible. The qualifying degree also entitles you to change to the Mittlere-Reife-Zug of the middle school or the two-tier business school. With the middle school leaving certificate at the end of the 10th grade or the qualified vocational qualification, it is possible to attend vocational high school (technical college or vocational college), the technical academy or the grammar school.

secondary school

The Realschule encompasses grades 5 to 10. It provides general and vocational training through the special combination of theory and practice. At the Realschule there are three training directions, which focus on elective subject groups from grade 7 onwards:

Elective subject group I: focus on mathematics, science and technology

Elective subject group II: focus on the economic area.

Elective subject group IIIa: Focus on the 2nd foreign language, French
Elective subject group IIIb: focus on artistic, domestic or social areas

The Realschule ends with a final examination and awards the Realschule certificate.
Attending secondary school is possible with an average grade of at least 2.66 in the transfer certificate. If the grades are lower, a three-day trial lesson is possible.
Middle and secondary schools can enter into a cooperation with one another in order to promote talented individual educational paths.

Proof of achievement / grades / transfer regulations
The achievements in the advancement subjects decide on the transfer. These are all compulsory and elective subjects. Anyone who receives a grade of 6 in one advancement subject or a grade of 5 in two advanced subjects in the annual report card will not be promoted.
Pupils in grades 5 to 9 can advance on probation with the consent of their legal guardians if they do not have a grade lower than 5 in the subjects German, English, mathematics and in the respective group-specific elective subject.
Students in grades 7 to 9 can advance if they have successfully undergone a re-examination. Students with a grade 6 in German are excluded from the re-examination. Even pupils who are attending the year in question for the second time can no longer take part in a re-examination.

Comparative work All federal states carry out the VERA 8 learning assessment in the 8th grade in the subjects German, mathematics and the 1st foreign language (English or French) ), German (Grade 6), English (Grade 6 and 10) and Latin (Grade 6).

degrees
All secondary level I qualifications can be obtained at the Realschule. The main goal is the intermediate school leaving certificate.

Transitions / changes
The 5th grade serves as a joint class between elementary and secondary school. Increased advice and support measures help with the review of the choice of school career and also with an individual change of the educational path after the 5th grade.
After completing secondary school, vocational training can begin. Under certain conditions, however, it is also possible to continue school at various secondary schools (technical college, vocational secondary school, grammar school). Depending on the type of school, in addition to the grade average, it is also necessary to pass an entrance examination and / or a probationary period.
As an alternative to direct entry into the grammar school, so-called introductory classes have been set up at numerous locations in Bavaria, which are intended to facilitate the transition to the grammar school for students from the secondary school, business school and the M-train of the middle school after completing the secondary school leaving certificate. Introductory classes correspond to grade 10 of the grammar school. This is followed immediately by entry into the qualification phase.

high school

The grammar school is divided into the lower level (grades 5 to 7), intermediate level (grades 8 to 10) and the upper level of the gymnasium. The aim is to acquire the university entrance qualification. High school students can choose after a pedagogical consultation whether they need more study time in the middle school. You will be offered up to one year of additional study time. Depending on the school, this additional educational offer ranges from flexible intensification hours, individual support modules and block seminars to a year of flexibility in the middle school.

Proof of achievement / grades / transfer regulations
The basis for the decision on advancement is the performance in the advancement subjects. Those whose annual report card has a grade of 6 in one advancement subject or a grade of 5 in two advancement subjects are excluded from advancement. Grades that endanger promotion can be offset by at least satisfactory performance in other equivalent subjects. Without this compensation, the student will not be promoted. However, depending on the grades, it is possible to advance on a trial or a re-examination. In the subjects of mathematics, German, English and Latin, central grade tests are carried out in various grades of lower secondary level.

Year of flexibility
Bavaria initially responded to the criticism of the eight-year high school (G8) with a possibility of individualizing the school time: With the so-called flexibilization year, pupils should be able to insert an additional year of learning into the eight-year course. The year of flexibility is available in two variants:
> Variant 1:
At the end of a school year, after detailed consultation, students decide to take the passed grade 8, 9 or 10 again in a modified form.
> Variant 2:
At the end of the school year, after in-depth consultation, students decide, with foresight, to complete grades 8 or 9 in two stages (sub-grades).
The year of flexibility can only be used once. In grades 8 and 9, it is counted towards the maximum training period of 10 years. In contrast to this, the year of flexibilisation in grade 10 is counted towards the four-year maximum training period for the upper level, i.e. H. the students are not allowed to repeat in the upper level. In addition, schools can offer flexible intensification hours, individual support modules and block seminars in the intermediate level.
From grade 5 in the 2018/2019 school year, Bavaria is gradually returning to the nine-year grammar school.

Comparative work
In the 8th grade, all federal states carry out a uniform survey of the level of learning in the subjects German, mathematics and the first foreign language (English or French) VERA 8 by.
In addition, in Bavaria in the lower secondary level I Grade work conducted: in the subjects of mathematics (grade 10), German (grade 6), English (grades 6 and 10) and Latin (grade 6).

degrees
On the way to the Abitur, the following qualifications are achieved at the grammar school:
> Grade 9 - secondary school leaving certificate
> Grade 10 - secondary school leaving certificate
> Grade 12 - General higher education entrance qualification with passed Abitur examination

Transitions / changes
The 5th grade serves as a joint class between elementary and secondary school. Increased advice and support measures help with the review of the choice of school career and also with an individual change of the educational path after the 5th grade.
The aim of the grammar school is to acquire the general university entrance qualification. Those who have passed the Abitur can choose between studying or vocational training.

Examination tasks
The Standing Conference has defined educational standards for the general university entrance qualification in the subjects German, mathematics as well as English and French as continued foreign languages. These subject-related skills are binding for all federal states. However, Abitur tasks cannot be derived directly from the educational standards. Rather, the Abitur tasks in all 16 countries will in future be based on these educational standards. A common pool of tasks is available to the federal states.The collection of exercises exemplarily shows how the described competencies and requirements for the Abitur examination can be implemented in exercises for the subjects German, mathematics and the continued foreign language. This is to ensure the comparability of the requirements in the various countries.

Abitur preparation courses Abitur preparation courses

More information about Bavaria

Further state information that may be of interest to you: