What is the purpose of the drywall

Garden wall: dry stone wall and mortar wall in comparison

Natural stone wall, quarry stone wall, sandstone wall: If you are planning a garden wall and don't know exactly what you want, you will quickly be overwhelmed by the multitude of options. Here you get an initial overview of the different types of wall, their advantages and disadvantages and estimated costs.

Everything at a glance:

  • You can erect a garden wall either dry, i.e. without mortar, or with mortar joints.
  • Natural and quarry stones are suitable for a dry stone wall. It gets stability from the high weight and the irregular surface of the bricks.
  • Virtually all types of stone are suitable for mortar masonry: natural stones or artificially produced stones such as masonry bricks and concrete blocks.
  • Natural stone walls and quarry stone walls can therefore be erected with or without mortar.
  • Natural stones are significantly more expensive than clay bricks or concrete blocks. With the same length and depth, a natural stone wall therefore costs significantly more than a wall made of concrete or bricks.

Massive property line: the garden wall

There are many ways to keep intruders out or to mark your own territory. This works particularly reliably with a solid stone wall. Nowadays, such enclosures should not only be functional, but also pretty.

Stone wall or fence: what are the differences?

In contrast to a fence made of wire mesh, metal or wood, a stone wall is clear expensive in the acquisition and more elaborate under construction. Often, for example, is a continuous Foundation necessaryso that the wall has a secure, stable hold and does not sink or tip over in individual places. In addition, a wall is not flexible. It is not possible to unhook and reinsert individual sections, as is the case with wooden fence elements. Damaged bricks can you Not easy changelike the broken slats of a wooden fence.

But: stone walls usually offer a better one Privacy and entry protection than ordinary garden fences. They safely border paths and plant beds and offer additional seating areas in the garden - provided they are not too high and have a smooth wall head. In addition, walls take on an important role in sloping terrain Support function. Such retaining walls can also be integrated into the garden as creative steps.

Approval requirement for garden walls:
The respective federal state determines whether you need to have your planned garden wall approved in advance. In addition, local regulations may apply depending on the region. To be on the safe side, you should ask the responsible building authority.

What stone walls are there?

Generally, you have a choice between one Dry stone wall or a mortar wall. No mortar is used with a drywall. The high weight of the materials used alone holds the individual bricks where they belong. To ensure stability, only rock with an uneven surface is suitable, so that the stones also tilt into one another. This is usually the case with dry walls Quarry stones and Natural stones for use.

Mortar masonry consists of artificially formed bricks and absolutely requires a foundation. Otherwise the masonry will not be stable. Leaning against it or a gust of wind can be enough to make the wall fall over. Typically used for such walls Bricks, Sandstones or Scarf stones out concrete used. Artificially formed natural stones are also very popular.

When choosing your garden wall, be sure to use frost-proof stones. Otherwise it can happen that your wall shows cracks and chipped areas after the cold winter months.

Dry stone walls - advantages, disadvantages, costs

Dry stone walls can do without mortar, the stones are simply layered on top of each other. So that the wall is stable even without binding agents and the stones stay in place, there is three important requirements to the material used: a high dead weight, a rough, uneven surface and an irregular shape.

It is therefore only suitable Quarry stones or Natural stones made of sandstone, granite or limestone. So-called Reading stones used. These are stones that have loosened through the natural weathering of rocks in the ground. Over time, they come to the surface of the earth through erosion and are then mostly found in meadows and fields.

When does the specialist have to go?
If walls that are not mortar run right next to a road or if they are more than one meter high, you should hire a specialist. Otherwise there is a risk of collapse due to a lack of know-how.

What are the advantages of dry stone walls?

Anyone who opts for such a wall in their garden is doing something good for the animal world in particular. But there are other advantages:

  • For the foundation a compacted bed of gravel or crushed stone is sufficient. An extra concrete foundation, which makes the preparatory work for the mortared wall construction very time-consuming, is not necessary.
  • A Wall head, which prevents rainwater and snow from penetrating the inside of the wall, is superfluous with a dry stone wall. Penetrating moisture can escape from the existing crevices or seep through the water-permeable gravel bed.
  • The Natural stones fit harmoniously into their natural surroundings. For example, moss gives a natural stone wall a rustic touch, while moss on a brick wall is usually perceived as annoying.
  • Since the Put are not filled with mortar, there are many cavities that you can plant depending on the location and size. This allows you to design your natural stone wall in a particularly creative way. The roots literally tie the natural stones together and thus ensure even more stability.
  • A drywall has one high ecological added value, because many of your little garden dwellers, such as wild bees, bumblebees, toads, lizards, blindworms and birds find a home and food in the many crevices and niches.

What are the disadvantages of dry stone walls?

In addition to their many advantages, natural stone walls that are not mortared always have the disadvantage that they not so stable like mortared masonry. Especially in the first time after completion, individual stones can still be easily movable or slip if you lean or lean on them. A natural stone wall or quarry stone wall can also be due to this instability and the uneven, upper wall edge not as a step or seat serve. Ultimately, he can construction the wall tedious as all stones are different sizes and you have to look for suitable gap fillers.

How much does a drywall cost?

The total costs of a natural stone wall or a quarry stone wall are made up of the costs for the foundation, the bricks and the working time of the mason. There may be additional costs for a subsequent greening.

Ever stronger the natural stones processed or are shaped, the more cost more you. Loosely poured rubble stones are particularly cheap. Obtaining your material from a nearby quarry will save you a lot of money Transportation costs. If large stones are to be built in, you can machinery may be necessary to move the chunks to the right place. This also increases the total costs for the quarry stone wall.

You should calculate between 100 and 150 euros per square meter for the foundation. You can get a ton of irregular natural sandstone for less than 100 euros, for basalt and slate the tonne price is almost 200 euros - with no upper limit. Depending on which material you choose, a quarry stone wall can be expensive fun.

Mortar masonry - advantages, disadvantages, costs

With mortar masonry, the Bricks with the help of mortar together connected. Most of the time, the stones are artificially formed so that their dimensions fit together well. You can even out possible irregularities by grouting with mortar.

Come for a mortared stone wall almost all types of stone in question. In addition to roughly processed natural stones such as sandstone or granite, artificially produced stones such as masonry bricks, perforated bricks, clinker bricks or concrete paving stones are also used. Quarry stone walls or natural stone walls are also available in mortar form. Stone walls made of worked stones are still classic.

Such a garden wall needed a stable foundation, usually made of concrete. In addition, it must be protected against the ingress of moisture, otherwise it can crack in winter when the water freezes and expands.

What are the advantages of mortar walls?

If you opt for a mortar wall, you will definitely get a stable and massive property line in your garden. Other advantages of such a stone wall are the following:

  • The artificially formed stones allow a proportionate quick assembly the stone wall. Edge lengths, surfaces and sizes fit together, which means that stone by stone can be built in.
  • A lower wall can be used at the same time as Seat serve in the garden. If you would like to use your wall in this way, you should attach importance to a comfortable upper edge of the wall, also called the wall head or wall crown.
  • In sloping terrain, stone walls fulfill an important role Support function. It can also be made into steps or one on the slope stairway repurpose.

What are the disadvantages of mortar walls?

Mortar masonry must be done ingress of water. Otherwise, the moisture will spread throughout the walls. In winter, when the water freezes and expands, damage such as cracks can occur. Therefore, mortar walls absolutely need a wall head, i.e. suitable cover plates for the upper edge. Often they also have to be grouted afterwards in order to close the last gaps and cracks.

Also is a concrete foundation required, as otherwise the wall does not have sufficient support and can fall over or sag. In addition, such a stone wall cannot be planted unless you have taken appropriate precautions such as niches during construction. This means that the appearance of your wall can only be changed to a limited extent.

How much do stone walls cost?

The total amount for a mortared stone wall includes the cost of the foundation, bricks, mortar and the mason's labor. If you want to build your wall yourself, you should also consider possible rental fees for tools, machines and transport costs.

Generally are Natural stones clear more expensive than man-made bricks- or concrete blocks. The size is also important: the smaller the bricks and concrete blocks are, the cheaper they are. With natural stones it is exactly the other way around. The smaller the individual quarry stones are, i.e. the more effort has been put into them, the more they cost. As a result, you usually have to dig a lot more for a natural stone wall or a quarry stone wall than for a brick wall of the same size.

For a professional foundation you should expect 100 to 150 euros per square meter. If cheap concrete blocks are used for the wall, the costs start at 50 to 150 euros per square meter, depending on the height. However, there are no upper limits here either.

Conclusion

If you want to build a garden wall, you have the choice between a traditional dry stone wall, as it was already built by the ancient Romans, or the classic stone wall with mortar joints. Both construction methods have their advantages and disadvantages.

For example, you can creatively plant the niches of a wall that has not been mortared and thus create a unique natural stone wall. At the same time, they create a home for many beneficial organisms such as bumblebees and toads. However, you should not step on or sit down on your garden wall: the stones are just lying on top of each other and could slip.

These concerns are unfounded with mortar masonry. Once the mortar has hardened, you can easily step on your garden wall, convert it into a seat or use it as a staircase in sloping terrain. For a stable stand, however, a concrete foundation is essential.