How many universities are there in Ghana

Study in Ghana

Ghana lies in West africa, on the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean. It is framed by Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Togo. The former colony used to be called the "Gold Coast" because of its wealth of raw materials. In the up-and-coming African country, there are many further training opportunities in addition to traditional studies abroad at a university.

Interesting facts about living and studying in Ghana

© Paul D Smith / Shutterstock.com

While studying in Ghana there will certainly be enough time to visit the country's numerous dream beaches.

Ghana looks back on a long history of changing European colonial rule. The country was most strongly influenced by British rule, which lasted until Ghana's independence in 1957. Until today is English hence also the official language in the former crown colony, with an additional 79 languages ​​and dialects being registered.

The country of Ghana covers an area of ​​around 240,000 square kilometers and is located in one lowlands framed by hills and plateaus. On the kilometer-long coastal areas are the Low plains with its picturesque sandy beaches and species-rich mangrove areas. Next to determine Rainforest areas and savannahs the scenic picture. Due to its proximity to the equator, the climate is tropical, i.e. humid and hot. There are no classic seasons, just the alternation between rainy and dry seasons.

Ghana's population has grown rapidly over the past few decades. Around 24 million people currently live in the multi-ethnic state. The The capital is Accra; around two million people live here. Accra is an extremely lively and culturally diverse metropolis. It is also the economic center of the country. The production of textiles and chemicals as well as the wood industry play the greatest economic role.

Education reform in Ghana

The government of Ghana has been investing heavily in the for several years Educational support. In 2007 there was a comprehensive educational reform, in the course of which higher education also experienced a change. In Ghana, education should not be an elitist good, but a basic right for all sections of the population. The literacy rate is currently just under 60 percent. Above all, the country suffers from a severe shortage of teachers, which is due to the low teachers' salaries. International students can study in the midst of highly motivated local students because studying in Ghana is still a privilege.


University landscape in Ghana

In Ghana currently exist seven universities - six of them are state owned, only one is private. Their offerings vary between a comprehensive selection of study programs and a concentration on specific subject areas such as engineering, communication studies, natural sciences or education.

In addition to these universities, there are still in Ghana numerous other higher education institutions, the so-called

  • Colleges
  • Polytechnics
  • Professional Institutes
  • Pre-Service Training Institutes
  • Post-Secondary Pre-Service Training Institutes

They take on the role of our vocational and technical colleges, in which they give the students a higher emphasis vocational training convey. This occurs mainly in the areas of economy, care, fashion, agriculture and forestry as well as in teacher training.

Quality assurance in higher education in Ghana

All of the state educational institutions in Ghana have it National Council for Tertiary Education (NCHE) before. It checks the quality of teaching and the accreditation of the study programs. However, the individual higher education institutions are otherwise managed autonomously.

Study internationally in Ghana

Various foreign organizations have set up in Ghana that offer different study and further education programs for students of all origins. These are, for example, programs for development aid, conflict research or environmental protection, which is obvious in an emerging country like Ghana. Most foreign students come from other African countries, but there are also increasingly North Americans, Asians and Europeans studying here.


Degrees in Ghana

© Felix Lipov / Shutterstock.com

In Ghana, students have the chance to marvel at natural wonders such as Umbrella Rock or Boti Falls.

Ghana's higher education landscape not only features a large number of higher education institutions with differently structured study programs. There are also many different ones in the country Degrees, the the british heritage reveal.

Degrees Polytechnics and Institutes

The two to three year training at the Polytechnics and Institutes is very much geared towards the later professional practice of the students. It ends with the award of the so-called Diplomas respectively Higher National Diplomas.

Degrees from universities in Ghana

The university curriculum, on the other hand, focuses on one scientific education. The course is in so-called Degree courses structured that build on each other. They are divided into:

  • First degree (Bachelor)
  • Second degree (Master)
  • Doctorate (Promotion)

The course of study thus roughly corresponds to a division into Undergraduate and Postgraduate Studies.

In Ghana, regular schooling was extended to university entrance qualification (Senior Secondary School Certificates) recently reduced from 13 years to 12 years. In the same step, the duration for a bachelor's degree was increased by one year to a total of four years.

However, the Study time depending on previous education of the Bachelor candidate vary: If he's already at one of the Polytechnics or one Institutes a Diploma in Education acquired, the duration of the study is reduced to a total of two more years (Two-Year Post-Diploma B. Ed.) or another year (One-Year Post-Diploma B.Ed.).

Following a successfully passed Bachelor's degree, it is possible to do a university Master's degree to connect. It usually takes two more years of study. Depending on their wishes, the candidates can choose one more research-oriented or rather a later one Professional practice Select the aligned program. The possible degrees are the Master of Science, Master of Arts or Master of Philosophy. The latter is particularly research-intensive. It includes one year of practical work including written research and thesis. Medical students must also complete a one-year practical year.

The path of the promotion open. This requires two more years of study at the university and one year of independent research work. The doctorate ends with the submission of the written doctoral thesis and its public presentation including defense.


Requirements for studying in Ghana

The general study requirement for studying at a university in Ghana is this for German applicants High School. For an application to the Colleges, Polytechnics and Institutes on the other hand is that University entrance qualification sufficient. A successfully completed bachelor's degree is the basic requirement for access to one of the university master’s courses. A master's degree that is as good as possible is therefore required for doctoral studies.

In most cases, there are more to the admission procedure individual admission regulations or tests. You should find out what these are in good time from the relevant university.

Since all study programs in Ghana are held in English, applicants should have sufficient knowledge of English feature. Usually they can be proven by standardized tests such as IELTS or TOEFL.


Study abroad in Ghana: costs and financing

The Study costs in Ghana vary depending on the selected university, type of study program and the respective study section:

  • In the Undergraduate studies for foreign students they are around US $ 1000-2000 per semester.
  • In the Postgraduate Studies it's around US $ 1500-3500.

In addition come Registration and examination fees totaling approximately US $ 75.

In the case of private institutions and special further training offers, for example from foreign organizations, the fees can also be higher.

Cost of living while studying in Ghana

The cost of living in Ghana is only around a third to half of the usual expenses in Germany. A warm meal, for example, can already be purchased for the equivalent of around EUR 1. This of course also results from the far lower wages in Ghana.

Accommodation is correspondingly cheaper: the monthly rent for a single room is around EUR 50-190. Those affiliated with the universities Student dormitories have single and shared rooms in which foreign students usually stay. Locals too guest families often provide accommodation. This is a cheap and fun way to get to know the daily life and culture of Ghana.

Financing options for studying in Ghana

Before studying in Ghana, students should find out which financial support offers they can take advantage of. One way of financing a semester or year abroad in Ghana is, for example, the federally financed BAföG abroad. In addition, various social, political and cultural foundations support talented and interested applicants Partial or full scholarships. Another financial aid is an education fund.


Visa and entry requirements for Ghana

German citizens are required to study in Ghana apply for visa. The Berlin-based embassy of the Republic of Ghana is responsible. This entry visa is initially only for Valid for 60 days. However, it can then be used during the stay Ghana Immigration Service in the capital Accra. The documents to be submitted for this consist of:

  • several passport photos
  • a valid passport
  • the completed application documents from the Embassy of Ghana
  • the confirmation of a place at a Ghanaian university in combination with an English-language letter of recommendation from a German lecturer
  • proof of a yellow fever vaccination

An extension of the visa is chargeable.

For those interested in studying in Ghana, it is also important to have a foreign health insurance. Here you should get advice in good time.