What are the Targaryen bastards' names

bastard

The term bastard means any person born out of wedlock. There is a significant social stigma associated with being a bastard in the Seven Kingdoms. The Faith of the Seven, and even the Old Gods of the Forest, have laws that forbid having children out of wedlock.

Legal position

Bastards are not allowed to inherit their fathers' lands and titles. They are also not entitled to the privileges of the house from which their father comes. How the child is raised or treated is absolutely dependent on the father. It is considered extremely unusual for a bastard to be raised by his father in his own castle with his rightful children.

It is possible for the king to declare a lord's bastard lawful, although this particular order is very difficult to obtain and is seldom given. Usually this only happens when the lord has no other rightful heirs (or male children) to carry on the name of his home.

Terminology

The stigma of illegitimacy is so great that all bastards descended from noble houses must have a specific surname that identifies them as a bastard. These surnames vary by region:

However, this system does not apply to bastards of the common people. At least one parent must be a member of a noble house (usually the father, but not mandatory). If both parents, mother and father, are civil, the child cannot have a special surname.

The common people of Westeros don't actually use surnames at all. That is why wearing a bastard surname is both a sign of high class and a disgrace. Anyone who comes across someone with a bastard surname will immediately know that he is not just a bastard, but a nobleman’s bastard.

Bastards only use their special surnames if they have been publicly recognized by their noble parent. In such a case, the noble parent usually takes care that the child is well looked after or sends money as support. However, it is extremely unusual for a nobleman to raise his bastard in his own home.

There is no particular distinction between hybrids who have only one noble parent or those whose parents are both nobles. However, in practice it happens much more often that a nobleman recognizes the child of a lady of the nobility than that of a commoner.

The bastard surnames depend on the region in which the child was born, which means where the mother comes from, not the father. For example, a lord of the Stormlands could father a bastard in the Green Valley and one in the far, but neither of them should use the name affix "storm". The first bastard would call himself “stone” and the second “flowers”. It is absolutely unusual for a bastard to know his noble father's origins but not his mother's. For this reason, Jon Schnee's living conditions are unusual in several ways, because firstly he is raised by his supposed noble father and secondly he was not born in the north at all. After the war known as Robert's Rebellion ended, Eddard Stark brought the then toddler Jon to Winterfell. He refused to reveal the name or origin of his mother. Because his mother's identity was such a secret, Jon ended up using the addition of "snow" to his name.

A noble lord's bastards can be politely referred to as "illegitimate children", although it is usually more common to use the less polite term "children of minor birth". Most of the time, however, they are openly and outrageously called "bastards". In contrast, the legitimate children of a nobleman and his legal wife are referred to as "lawful children". For this reason, when Lord Eddard Stark discovers that none of the children of Cersei Lannister were conceived by King Robert Baratheon, he says that the King has "no rightful sons", even though he knows that Robert has several "low-born children", so has bastards.[1]

Known bastards

  • Jon Schnee, also known as the "Bastard of Winterfell", has long been mistaken for the bastard Eddard Starks. In truth, he is the legitimate son of Lyanna Stark and Rhaegar Targaryen.
  • Gendry, a blacksmith's apprentice in King's Landing, is one of King Robert Baratheon's many bastards. Since Robert never recognized him, Gendry does not have the surname "Water".
  • {Barra}, another illegitimate child of Robert Baratheon. She was killed by Janos Slynt during the murder of almost all of King Roberts' bastards.
  • Cotter Peik, commandant of the East Watch, one of the Night Watch fortresses.
  • {Jafer Blumen}, a border guard from the Night's Watch, who accompanied Benjen Stark on a reconnaissance mission. He was killed and returned as a revenant before being finally destroyed.
  • Ser {Walder Strom}, a bastard of Walder Freys with a maid.
  • {Ramsay Schnee}, also known as the "Bastard of Grauenstein", is the illegitimate son of Lord Roose Bolton of Grauenstein. He was later recognized by King Tommen and is now called "Ramsay Bolton".
  • King {Joffrey Baratheon}: While there is general and official belief that he is the son of King Robert Baratheon and Queen Cersei Lannister, he is actually the son of Jaime Lannister. Not only does that make him a bastard, but a bastard born out of an incestuous relationship.
  • Princess {Myrcella Baratheon}, Jaimes and Cersei's second child.
  • Prince {Tommen Baratheon}, Jaimes and Cersei's third child.

In the books

In the The Song of Ice and FireIn novels, noble families see it as a significant social disgrace to be born out of wedlock. In the common people this circumstance is not judged so severely. Even if bastards have a disadvantage, it is still possible for them to rise in society. For example, they can gain fame and honor in battle and be knighted. When they do great deeds in the service of the king, bastards can be legitimized in special cases. This allows them to adopt a new surname and start their own house; some bastards adopt entirely new names such as "black fire" while others add a prefix to their bastard surname such as "long water". For example, House Baratheon was founded by the bastard half-brother of King Aegon the Conqueror.

Bastards are generally not entitled to a title or inheritance, but legitimizing illegitimate children has already created immense problems. The most famous examples are the bastards Aegon IV Targaryen. He legitimized three of his bastard sons and a daughter on the deathbed. His oldest bastard, Daemon Blackfire, later claimed the Iron Throne and led a bloody civil war known as the First Black Fire Rebellion. His sons and their descendants made four more attempts to take over the Iron Throne before the final claimant, Maelys the Abominable, was struck down by Ser Barristan Selmy in the War of the Nineheller Kings. This example is sometimes used to demonstrate what happens when a bastard is treated too well and receives too much power and recognition.

Real background

Wikipedia: bastard

The word bastard goes through Middle High German bast (h) art back in old French bastard. The further origin of the word has not been clarified. The term mainly applied to sons who were fathered with women of lower class, with whom the noble father was usually not married.

In the West, bastards usually retained their mother's status and did not enjoy the privileges of legitimate children.

However, if a nobleman's wife was sterile or all of his offspring died prematurely, a bastard could inherit, just as a nobleman could appoint other close relatives as his heir.

Even in the early modern period, the name was by no means defamatory. Rather, it was used by the people in question, who were proud of their paternal noble descent.

The word was later generally applied to people who were perceived as inferior, and accordingly also used as a swear word. The use as a swear word goes back to the fact that bastards were "unclean blood" from the point of view of aristocrats, that is, inferior to real aristocrats. In addition, extramarital relations were assessed as sinful, especially by the Catholic Church.

A couple of historical bastards

  • William I the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, the son of Duke Robert I of Normandy, who came from a polygamous marriage common among Vikings, but was considered a bastard by the Church.
  • Heinrich II., Also Heinrich von Trastamara, (Spanish Enrique de Trastámara, 1334-1379) was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. and Leonor de Guzmán, a high Castilian noblewoman who was partially of Jewish descent. Thus he was half-brother of his lifelong enemy and predecessor Peter I, King of Castile and León (1369-1379).
  • The Catholic Archbishop Georg of Austria (1504-1557) was the illegitimate son of Emperor Maximilian I and Margareta von Edelsheim.
  • Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (1519-1536), was the illegitimate son of Henry VIII of England with his lover Elizabeth Blount. It was the only illegitimate offspring that Henry VIII officially recognized. Beloved by his father and showered with royal dignity, he thought during his lifetime that one day he might become the next King of England before an early death at the age of only 17 overtook him.
  • Juan de Austria (1547-1578) was the illegitimate son of Emperor Charles V and the civil Regensburg Gürtler daughter Barbara Blomberg. Under his half-brother, King Phillip II of Spain, he became commander of the Spanish fleet and governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
  • James Fitzjames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duque de Berwick, 1st Duque de Liria y Jerica, 1st Duque de Fitzjames, (1670-1734) was an illegitimate son of the British King James II and founded the Fitz family James. He fought as a military leader of the Jacobites in French and Spanish services and became Marshal and Peer of France and Spanish grandee.
  • Antoine Grimaldi, the knight Grimaldi (1697-1784) originally the illegitimate son of his father, Prince Antoine I of Monaco and the dancer Elisabeth Dufort-Babé. He was recognized by his father in 1715 and was regent of Monaco from 1732 to 1784.
  • Georg Heinrich von Berenhorst (1733-1814) was an illegitimate son of Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau and Sophie Eleonore Söldner. About Berenhorst, Prince Leopold is a direct ancestor of the famous fighter pilot Manfred von Richthofen (1892–1918).
  • Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn (1736-1811) is considered the illegitimate descendant of the British King George II (1683–1760) and his mistress Amalie Sophie von Wallmoden, born von Wendt (1704–1765), later Countess of Yarmouth. He was a field marshal from the Electorate of Hanover and an art collector.
  • Count Friedrich Wilhelm Moritz Alexander von der Mark ("Das Anderchen") (1779-1787) was an illegitimate son of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia and his lover, Countess Wilhelmine von Lichtenau. It is believed that he was poisoned.

See also

Individual evidence