Was Muammar Gaddafi a hero

"You will be inundated by a wave of immigration from Africa"

The life of the refugees, the future of North Africa, the security of Europe

"You should understand me right. If you want to harass and destabilize me, you will cause confusion, play in the hands of bin Laden and favor armed groups of rebels. This is what will happen. You will be inundated by a wave of immigration from Africa from Libya." spilled over to Europe. There will be no one left to stop them. "

The Libyan dictator Muaamar al-Gaddafi uttered these words in an interview with the French Journal du Dimanche in February 2011. When he uttered these words, Gaddafi could not have suspected that Osama bin Laden was on May 2, 2011 from an American special unit in Pakistani Ground would be shot. He was even less aware that even in October of the same year he would come to a cruel end as a refugee in his own country.

The quotation of this interview passage is not intended to legitimize this North African tyrant or to put on a halo. On the contrary. Gaddafi has always been overrated in the West. He was never a great Arab folk hero that he would have liked to be counted as. He was able to impress a few simple-minded sensational reporters with his theatrical Bedouin appearances.

In the rest of the Arab-Islamic world, this unpredictable paranoid was referred to as a "mahboul", a madman. Gaddafi may have been a less bloodthirsty despot for his subjects than Saddam Hussein was in Iraq. But this autocrat was not harmless. In contrast to Saddam Hussein, who harassed his own people and ordered countless murders at home, but had hardly acted as an international terrorist, Gaddafi supported conspirators, assassins, insurgents and bombers around the world - from Northern Ireland to the southern Philippines.

In the west, Libya finally became a rogue state when a PanAm machine exploded over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988, killing 270 people. A year later, a French liner over the Niger met the same fate. In both cases, suspicions were directed against the Libyan secret service as the perpetrator of the attacks. By paying large amounts of compensation, the Tripoli dictator was able to buy his way out.

In the "war on terror", Gaddafi quickly went from being a bad guy to a good guy in the West

The sanctions imposed by the West at that time could not pose a threat to the leader of the Jamahiriya, as he used to call the state he founded, Libya, because of the wealth of oil available. It became dangerous for Gaddafi when the then American President George W. Bush launched his "War against Terror". Gaddafi knew what would happen to him if he did not obey Washington’s new directives.

He cleverly adapted to allow the Americans to search suspicious factories in order to avoid suspicion that Libya was secretly producing weapons of mass destruction. When he was extremely accommodating, even submissive, to the West in the field of oil production, the "bad guy" became a "good guy" overnight, although Gaddafi renounced the introduction of democracy and human rights.

This sudden cuddle course by the West towards a criminal regime, not for the first time, exposed the hypocritical human rights diplomacy, which only demands compliance with these undoubtedly noble principles if the regime in question opposes the economic interests of the West. Diplomatic relations between Washington and Tripoli were re-established and the oil companies from the USA took up their activities. Instead of shrouding silence about these events, the then US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice failed to explain: "Libya is an important role model in a world that expects a thorough reversal from the governments of Iran and North Korea."

The Europeans, in the absence of their own geopolitical objectives, followed the diplomatic advances of the USA. British Prime Minister Blair praised Gaddafi as a “solid partner of the West.” Chancellor Schröder traveled to Tripoli and gained insights into the oil business that were useful for his later work at Gazprom. Nicolas Sarkozy gave Gaddafi a triumphant reception in Paris, which a few years later did not prevent him from actively assisting in the murder of his guest at the time because of the whisperings of the Parisian fashion philosopher Bernhard Henry Levy.

With Gaddafi's Pan-Africanism, Libya became a dream destination for the starving masses of the Sahel

In spite of all these framework conditions, it should not be left unmentioned that during his more than 40 years of rule Gaddafi succeeded in uniting Libya, which is traditionally divided between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, and in dramatically increasing the standard of living and the level of education of its population. Against the radical currents that are known today as Salafism and that are predominantly spread around the world from Saudi Arabia, it struck out devastating blows as early as the 1980s, while the West cultivated and cultivates the closest relations with Riyadh.

In the course of his dictatorship, the pan-Arabism he preached in earlier times gave way to an equally utopian-looking pan-Africanism. Libya became a dream destination for the starving masses of the Sahel as well as one of the largest immigration countries in the world measured by its population. After the fall of the Gaddafi regime, democracy and a market economy did not find their way into Tripoli. Rather, what was once the richest country in the region has developed into a failed state that has broken along its age-old rupture and dividing lines, where a civil war is raging. The fall of Gaddafi also fueled the conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa. It simmers from Nigeria to Somalia.

The weapons once delivered to Gaddafi by the West are now used south of Libya, in Mali, Niger or Chad, and lead to ever new waves of refugees heading for Europe. Of the approximately 218,000 boat refugees who stranded on the EU's coasts last year, over 140,000 had started in Libya. These are only official figures, the number of unreported cases is likely to be much higher. The government of geographically divided Libya is unable to contain the flow of refugees. The members of parliament in Tripoli fled last summer and have been in Tobruk, on the easternmost periphery of the state, since then. Libya has developed into a breeding ground for gangs of smugglers. While Europe's freedom is allegedly being defended in the distant Hindu Kush, as a German politician once used to put it, a massive trouble spot has arisen in the immediate vicinity of our continent, on the shores of the Mediterranean, which endangers the lives of the refugees, gambled away the future of North Africa and Europe Questions security.

And what is Bernhard Henry Levi doing, who once successfully urged his president to join the military in Libya? He has not been seen in Libya for a long time. For this he is now making the Ukraine happy with his global ideologies of salvation (Ramon Schack)

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