What are unknown facts about Afghanistan



  • 34,124,811 people (July 2017 estimate)
  • 23% of the population live in cities (2011 estimate)
  • Kabul has approx. 4.5 million inhabitants (2011 estimate)


Average age

18.2 years (estimated 2011)


652,000 square kilometers


Islam, mostly Sunni; the large Hazara group is Shiite


mainly Pashto and Dari (Indo-European languages), as well as Hazara, Uzbek and Turkmen (Turkic languages)


It is estimated that 60% of school-age children (7 million) attend school. 40% of them are girls.

gross domestic product

$ 21.7 billion (2014 World Bank estimate)

Life expectancy

46 years

Infant mortality

is around 25%


Very different because of the diverse geographical conditions. In Kabul (1815 m above sea level) and in the high mountains, there is plenty of snow in winter. Kandahar and Jallalabad have pleasant winter temperatures (up to three harvests a year). The southern desert areas have heat up to 50 degrees in summer.


  • General: Continental, arid temperate climate
  • Semi-deserts and desert areas (especially in the south), high mountains (Hindu Kush mountains in the northeast) as well as hard-leaf tree corridors and steppes (including pistachios, apple species, plums, almonds).
  • Forests take up about 3% of the country's area. Most of the forest areas are on the eastern slope of the Hindu Kush (including oak, pine, spruce, fir).



Most of the population lives in irrigated valleys on the edge of the mountains, especially in the fertile valley of the Kabul River in the southeast, after which the capital is named. The northern river plains of the Amu-Darja are fertile and densely populated. In recent years opium cultivation has prevailed.