Why do we need education 4

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Monthly series of SDGs

The SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) were decided in 2015 by the United Nations (193 member states) in the “Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development” as a continuation of the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals). The 17 goals are intended to contribute to the sustainable development of our world.
we-live-sustainably would like to draw attention to these global problems, present interesting information and show what opportunities everyone has to contribute to achieving goals with small actions. For this purpose, we present one of the 17 goals every month.

This time: SDG 4 - Quality Education

Ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

"Education increases life expectancy more than a higher income!"

The current study "Education and Health: Redrawing the Preston Curve", carried out by Wolfgang Lutz and Endale Kebebe from the Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital in Vienna and Laxenburg (Lower Austria) and published on April 14, 2018, confirms this not entirely surprising Statement.

In their opinion, the result is due to the fact that higher education often leads to more complex and longer-term thinking. This usually results in behaviors that have a positive effect on health and thus increase life expectancy.

The United Nations considers lifelong education to be extremely important for sustainable development and has therefore anchored the following sub-goals in the 2030 Agenda:

  • Enable high quality early childhood education, care and pre-school education for all
  • Ensure free and quality primary and secondary education for all
  • Ensure affordable, quality adult vocational education for all
  • Achieve literacy among all young people and as many adults as possible
  • Ensure education for sustainable development and sustainable living

Development so far

In 2014, 2/3 of children worldwide attended a pre-school educational institution in the last year before they started school. Nevertheless, there are still major regional differences here. In Europe and North America, 93% already enjoy the advantages of a pre-school educational institution, in North Africa and West Asia, on the other hand, just 50%.

Of the children of primary school age, 9% were not in any school in 2014. That's 61 million children. A clear improvement compared to the year 2000, when 15% of the children were still out of school. However, there has hardly been any improvement since 2008, which reflects the difficult accessibility of the children and the strong population growth in some parts of the world. For example, more than 70% of primary school-age children who are out of school live in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

In the field of adult education, a slight increase has been observed in Austria in recent years. In 2016, 14.9% of 25 to 64-year-olds took part in vocational or general training - at least 1.1% more than in 2010.