What color represents science


of Annika Rainer; HS Markt Hartmannsdorf, 1a; Supervision: Store heap; 24 points;

Even the Stone Age people were fascinated by the phenomenon of color. They elaborately produced colors themselves, for example with differently colored earth, in order to be able to decorate their caves.

Theories and teachings about color developed in various directions. For Democritus, for example, red particles were pointed and the green ones were round (!). In the German-speaking area, the studies and views of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe had the greatest impact, supported by Philipp Otto Runge in his view as an answer to the physical explanations of Isaac Newton.

All in all, colors can be approached in a wide variety of ways: via the physics of light (Newton, Helmholtz, etc.), via medicine (physiology) the processing of colors in the eye and brain, via their effects on well-being and (mental) health, about their role in symbolism, customs, heraldry, religions and border sciences.

The physical approach is based on the duality theory of light, which models certain phenomena with light particles (photons), others through the electromagnetic spectrum, of which humans can only see a small part (400 to 700 nanometers), as illustrated in the diagram below. On the left are ultraviolet (responsible for tanning, but invisible) and even "harder" rays such as e.g. X-rays; to the right of this follows infrared, which as a person can be recognized as heat.

Image by Horst Frank, Phrood and Anony from Wikicommons under the GNU license GFDL

The color in the eye is perceived by the cone cells of the retina. There are several types. The failure of a species leads to partial color blindness.

In contrast to this, the universal scholar Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who is still primarily known for his poetry, tried in his Color theory to grasp and describe the phenomenon of color in its entirety, i.e. not just one-sided physically or from an aesthetic or other point of view. In his treatise on "Physiological Colors" he reports on insights into color perception. He created a 12-part color wheel. Based on the three basic colors, red, yellow, blue (RGB), all other colors can be generated: they form what is known as one Color space. This special RGB color space is also used in traditional screens, in that each color is generated by three closely spaced dots ("pixels") with the colors red, yellow, blue with different intensities. There are a number of other color spaces, of which, for example, CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) plays a major role, especially in color printing. However, Goethe made a decisive mistake in the section entitled “Physical Colors”, which he intended to refute the scientific knowledge that came mainly from Isaac Newton.

The meaning of the color in the symbolism is dealt with in the Austria Forum in the Symbols section under the individual colors, e.g. red. The meaning of the colors is dealt with in the Austria Forum under ABC der Volkskunde.

In the following statements about the colors are presented in an emotional and esoteric way.

It is often said that the colors give off vibrations that can be felt. They are called: positive, negative and healing vibrations. If a person now “swings in one color”, this is called a favorite color.

Various properties are assigned to the colors:


The geometric shape of the color yellow is the triangle.
Positive effect of the color yellow: Life, happiness, sun, light, speed, wealth, warmth, optimism, makes you happy, creativity and inspiration.
The negative of the color yellow stands for: Envy, avarice, cowardice, witch's poison, brimstone and jealousy.
Cure: Yellow is used especially for sick people who no longer believe in their health. The color also helps the body rid itself of worms and other parasites. If the walls of a room are colored yellow, e.g. B. in a classroom, it has a positive effect on children and encourages learning and work.
A person whose favorite color is yellow could be described as follows: lively, curious, sociable, active and communicative.


The circle is the geometric shape of the color blue.
The positive thing about blue is: Loyalty, romance, clarity, truth, wisdom, calm, trust, space, peace, purity and cleanliness. The negative thing about blue: cool, slow, cold, reserved and passive.
Cure: Blue relieves fever, inflammation, and bleeding. If you have a fever, blue bedclothes or a blue nightgown will help. If you have a cold, a blue wool or silk scarf works wonders.
Why is the sky blue??? The sunlight is almost white and the universe, i.e. the actual sky, is black. If the light from the sun penetrates our atmosphere, the white light of the sun is refracted. We look at the sky from below, so we see the blue light most clearly as it is deflected in our direction.
A person whose favorite color is blue could be described as follows: responsible, tidy, focused, good at planning and organizing.


The geometric shape of red is the square.
The positive thing about the color red is: Love, closeness, red rose, attraction, movement, heart, active, joie de vivre, vitality, energy and determination.
Negative about the color red is: Danger, blood, anger, hatred, war, witch and aggression.
Cure: the color red brings accumulated energies to flow again and warms.
A person whose favorite color is red could be described as follows: brave, passionate, purposeful, strong-willed and enthusiastic.


The geometric shape of the color green is the trapezoid that merges into a circle.
The positive thing about the color green is: Hope, growth, life, harmony, paradise, new beginning, freshness, calm, relaxation, protection and balance.
Negative about the color green is: Poison, envy, jealousy, indifference and fatigue.
Cure: the color green stabilizes blood pressure and has a balanced effect on our body and our emotions. The green color relaxes the eyes (e.g. school blackboard).
A person whose favorite color is green could be described as follows: they are connoisseurs, willing to participate, have a natural love for others.


The geometric shape of the color purple is a fusion of circle and square.
The positive of the color purple is: Magic, mystery, spiritual, art, power, holiness, eternity, self-determination, extravagance and wealth.
The negative of the color purple stands for: Pride, arrogance, vanity, intoxication, humility and selflessness.
Cure: Purple is recommended for calming the nervous system. The color promotes the production of white blood cells, cleanses the blood (suitable for detoxification) and stimulates the spleen. Irradiation with violet light accelerates the healing of inflamed wounds and helps with blemishes.


Orange has the pentagon as a geometric shape.
The positives of this color are: Warmth, fun, activity, happiness, lust, sociability, attention, compassion, brave, juicy, fruity, appetizing and sporty.
Negative about this color is: Aimlessness, intrusiveness and glaringness.
Cure: the color orange cleanses and is considered a food for the nerves. Overactive people, nervous people and choleric people should banish this color from their surroundings. The paint is very often sold as cheap.

The colors in the church year

BLUE stands for Advent

GOLD for Christmas Day and Christmas Eve and for Easter Sunday

WHITE for the rest of the Christmas period and for the rest of the Easter period until Pentecost

PURPLE / PURPLE for Lent from Ash Wednesday to the day before Palm Sunday

BLOOD RED is used for the period from Palm Sunday to Maundy Thursday

BLACK for Good Friday and Easter Saturday

FIRE RED for Pentecost Sunday

GREEN for all other days of the year

Research #

  • Source 1: Klausbernd, Vollmar: The great book of colors. 2nd edition, Königsfurt-Urania, Krummwisch 2010. S. 21ff.

  • Source 2: Ingrid, Kraaz von Rohr: Color therapy, the basic knowledge about the effect and use of colors. 3rd edition, Nymphenburg, Munich 2008. S.154ff.

  • Source 3: Interview with Irmgard Rainer.

  • Source 4: Harald Küppers: Harmony of Colors. DuMont, Cologne 1989.

  • Source 5: Georges Roque: Light and Color. In Spectrum of Science - Special 2004, Issue 5: Color, page 10 ff.