What does it mean to have no perspective

Change of perspective: the art of discovering a universe

See the world with different eyes. See things from a different angle. Make a change of perspective ... It's so easy to say. But it can be incredibly difficult if you don't know how or where to look (instead). Of course, it is desirable to leave your own thought path. To find a way out of the rut. But as soon as we don't know what to do next, we usually only reflect on what we (believe we) know, have learned and what has always worked. Humans are creatures of habit and only see what they want to see. Too bad. Because if you break new ground in thinking and evaluating, you not only gain new insights, but also change your life at the same time ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Change of perspective: how does it work?

According to the definition, a change of perspective (also commonly known as: "change of perspective") is nothing more than a change in one's own point of view in order to solve an existing problem.

The idea behind it: If you get stuck, you look for the solution through a different perspective and thus - literally - gain a completely new perspective. By changing the point of view, we get suggestions for problem solving or new insights that we would not have been able to find (so quickly) with the previous ways of thinking and evaluations.

Change of perspective synonyms

Frequent synonyms are: change of attitude, different point of view, new point of view, change of point of view. In short: a change of perspective is about seeing familiar things in a new light, perceiving subtle differences or recognizing new characteristics in a person or thing.

The problem behind this meaning: In order for a change of perspective to be possible, one's own perspective must first be recognized as restricted, narrowed or even “wrong”. A prerequisite for a change of perspective is the knowledge: "I know that I know nothing" as well as the openness and willingness to allow one's thinking to be changed. Those who just want to be right or who want to see their worldview confirmed are not capable of a change of perspective.

Or as the saying goes: "What does the blind man want with a lantern?"

Why is the change of perspective so necessary sometimes?

Man is a master of self-deception and self-deception. When it comes to ourselves, our abilities, our own lives, our careers (or all those stupid others), we regularly create an illusory world that has as much in common with reality as march music has with serenity. A state of being in a trance.

Dangerous illusions arise from this self-deception. Not infrequently even a “royal” mentality with a penchant for dogmatism - interpretive sovereignty, inviolable assessment and assessment monopolies included. "That's how it is! And please not different! I know that for sure! ”It shouts over and over again from social media comments. Likewise from countless Basta debates in politics, business and of course in the job. The know-how gene is in all of us. Some also call this “filter bubble” or selective perception.

In addition: power makes you blind. But also success. In psychology, the phenomenon is called the Icarus effect: because we think we know better, we ignore criticism and negative information and believe in the general validity of doubtfully derived rules. Or worse: We rely on our previous successes, motto: "It has always worked this way ..."

Mental flexibility of a concrete sleeper

Top managers are particularly affected. After all, their skills made it this far. But the high degree of flattery and conformity of opinion that these high-status managers receive can lead to "self-reinforcing and no longer questioned insights," warn Ithai Stern from the Kellogg School of Management and Hyun Park and James D. Westphal from the University of Michigan.

According to their research, these managers then lead and decide in a kind of "overconfidence and overconfidence" in their own abilities - and at the same time lose the ability to identify and correct problems with the current strategy.

This also happens to others from time to time. Unfortunately, we all tend to be very narrow-minded at times and maintain the mental flexibility of a concrete sleeper. Or as the Cologne immunologist and aphorist Gerhard Uhlenbruck once put it: "What some people fool themselves, nobody can imitate them so quickly."

No glasses help against the cloudy look. A more effective way out is: take off blinkers, change perspective. It's just easier said than done.

Why is it so difficult for us to change perspective?

The genius Albert Einstein is said to have once said: "You can never solve problems with the same way of thinking that created them." That is quite clever. And true to it. But how often do we act in exactly the opposite way?

We insist on our opinion, rely on the tried and tested, justify this with traditions, routines or conformity. Precisely because the familiar is more convenient than the new, the different. Most of all, it's safer. Seemingly.

Openness is not enough - we have to WANT to rethink

A change of perspective means a conscious change. It doesn't happen by chance, we have to want it, actively seek it out. It's exhausting, unfamiliar. But also unsafe.

Anyone who deliberately sees things with different eyes always risks something. Sure, we might discover the key to new ideas, to better, creative solutions. But we also lose something: the security of a hermetically sealed worldview, familiar knowledge, cherished behavior patterns and habits, supposed friends. We have to rethink. Now. Right away.

With a change of perspective, it's not just enoughto face the facts. They are often only in the eye of the beholder. We must be ready to recognize new facts, accept them and ultimately act and live accordingly.

Many are afraid of it. It presents them with challenges. New perspectives question us. But more than that: They change us. If we want to or not. But there are also opportunities in this. Marcel Proust once put it this way: "The best voyages of discovery are not made in foreign countries, but by looking at the world with new eyes."

A change of perspective is also a sign of empathy

Most people think of the term “change of perspective” as a kind of creative technique. So a form of problem-solving competence: New perspective, new solution.

The perspective can also be changed between people. For example when evaluating a situation. In understanding different behaviors. This can mean putting yourself in the shoes of others in order to understand them better. Your thinking. Your arguing. Their actions.

That is smart, but above all it is a sign of empathy and thus ultimately of empathy and social competence.

Before we make hasty judgments about othersFirst of all, let's ask ourselves: "Why does he or she do that, say that, mean that, think that?" That doesn't make wrongdoing right, but it can be explained. And sometimes different thinking and behavior is not “right” or “wrong” at all, but just “different”. The change in perspective creates not only understanding, but tolerance at the same time. Or as Peter Ustinov once mused finely: “The truth is like a chandelier in the courtroom. Everyone sees him, but everyone from a different point of view. "

Tips: This is how you can change your perspective

When our gray cells are on autopilot again and we are so caught up in our thinking that we can no longer see the forest for the trees, then it is high time to gain distance, build distance (to yourself) and block the thoughts to solve. As already mentioned, this is synonymous with consciously allowing changes and not fearing them. But what does it actually mean “gain distance” and “change perspective”? How does that work exactly?

The question is legitimate. Often these are just empty phrases. Not a real impetus. Especially when we are under stress, feel high pressure to perform (but also “suffering”) or are emotionally involved, we like to react and decide impulsively. Not at all rational. In that case, it is always advisable to refrain from the proverbial distance.

Rethinking through distance and questions

But that doesn't have to be an oversized distance or a proverbial bird's eye view. Often it is enough to pause for a moment, slow down, take a mental step back and ask yourself:

  • Stop! Why do I think, do I feel that way right now?
  • Is that even true?
  • Why do I want to do this now?
  • Could I see it differently?
  • What other explanations are there?
  • What are my options?
  • Which of them is really useful and expedient?

Through this self-reflective distance we not only gain more peace and serenity, but also a more objective view of things, which opens up new room for maneuver.

Change of perspective using the Raikov method

Another way to broaden your horizons and change your perspective is the so-called Raikov method - or "technique of borrowed genius".

Russian psychotherapist Vladimir Raikov used the method with great success on his patients by forcing them to associate in a non-linear, unusual way of thinking. This can be done, for example, with questions such as:

  • What would Thomas Edison have done in my place?
  • How would MacGyver have found a solution?
  • How would Elon Musk handle the situation?

The names are of course interchangeable. It's not about really figuring out what Edison, MacGyver, or Musk would have done, either. So you're just wondering what YOU would do if you were Edison, MacGyver, or Musk.

The 2 effects of mental mimicry

It doesn't have to be a genius either. Even normal people from the social environment can be used for such perspective questions:

  • What would my parents or grandparents advise me to do?
  • What would my role model do now?
  • How would my arch rival react if he knew about my plans?
  • What would be the impression of a stranger watching me?
  • What would a former classmate say to that?

In both cases, mental mimicry has two psychological effects: It inspires us. And we develop skills in the process that we would hardly have believed ourselves capable of before.

But what is more important: The change of perspective changes our lives.

That sounds cocky at first glance. In fact, however, our thinking largely determines our decisions, our behavior, our actions. Let us look at the world with different eyes; if we start to understand other people better and if we develop an objective distance, this not only provides more perspective and foresight. We see more than we expect. And that is growth.

In the sense: Veni, "vidi", vici!

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