Is hunting a hobby for gun owners?
Hunting for Beginners: The Hunting Right - Rules for Hunters
More and more people are deciding to pursue hunting as a conscious hobby with responsibility: The number of hunters in Germany has increased by 23.3 percent to a total of 383,828 hunting enthusiasts in the last 30 years. The bond with nature, the responsibility towards humans and animals, the natural reserve as well as maintaining a tradition, which goes back a long way, are for many decisive points for the decision to become active as a hobby hunter. If you are a beginner hunter who wants to be successful and have fun hunting, you have to know the regulations in hunting law and the obligations of a hunter:
Regulations of the Federal Hunting Act
The statutory provisions on the behavior before, during and after the hunt are in Federal Hunting Act held. In terms of hunting law, hunters are allowed to hunt the legal principles Execute: "The hunting right is the exclusive authority to cherish wild animals that are subject to the hunting right in a certain area, to hunt them and to acquire them." It says in the Federal Hunting Act.
But as is so often the case in legal language, this formulation does not make it clear how, what and where hunters are allowed to pursue their hobby (or profession). Therefore, we have compiled the most important hunting rights and rules for you:
Become a hunter: hunting license and hunter training
If you want to hunt in Germany, you need a valid hunting license. This regulation serves to protect humans and animals and is important to protect nature from cocky and ignorant hunters without a valid license. Training at a suitable hunting school is particularly important so that you can prepare yourself as best as possible for the examination for the hunting license.
Gun possession as a hunter
Anyone who has a hunting license, is authorized according Waffenrecht to a Gun ownership card to apply for long weapons such as shotguns or rifles in unlimited numbers and up to two short weapons such as pistols or revolvers.
In addition to firearms, hunting weapons also include certain “cold weapons” - for example, hunting knives, hunting knives, skinners or boar pens.
Hunting law: which animals are hunters allowed to shoot? © ysbrandcosijn / Getty Images International
Hunters are only allowed to shoot animals that, according to the law, are classified as "abandoned wild animal" be valid. Wild animals do not include all wild animal species, as is often wrongly assumed in popular belief. Hunters differentiate between game birds and game birds: birds are game birds, while mammals are game birds. The most common wild animals include red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, brown and mountain hares as well as partridges, pheasants and quails. Each country or federal state independently determines which animals count as “game”. A list of game that can be hunted can be obtained from the hunting associations in your state.
Hunting in the closed season
Closed season is the time in the year when a certain species of animal is not allowed to be hunted. It is intended to guarantee the protection of young animals and avoid damage to game by allowing young animals to grow up without danger. Growing up without being harmed includes being cared for by the parent animals, which is why killing them is not permitted during the closed season. The core time to protect most wild animals is in spring, since during this period the Rut of most mammals and birds takes place. Depending on the species, the closed season can extend.
That is also possible One gender restrictionif, for example, only the mother is needed to raise young animals. If the sexes of the game cannot be clearly identified from the outside, the closed season applies to both sexes. The current closed seasons can be changed by the respective federal state if the damage caused by the game is unacceptable.
Hunt for protected species
Certain animals are not allowed to be shot by hunters. This includes endangered speciesthat have too few species populations. One example of this is the wolf that is back in Germany: For example, the wolf is currently under nature protection (as of October 2018), which has only recently returned to our country. Due to excessive hunting, it was considered extinct in Germany from the 19th century until the first puppies were observed again in Saxony in 2000.
In addition to species-protected animals, the protected animals also include pregnant mother animals - these may not be shot, if they can be seen from the outside, in order to protect the offspring of the species in the long term.
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