What are ADHD Symptoms in Children

ADHD / Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Impulsiveness - rash action

Children with impaired impulse control behave impulsively, that is, they act without thinking. They are impatient and constantly burst into other people's conversations or games and disturb others, especially when they are on the phone. It is difficult for them to wait for their turn. You talk carelessly, a lot, unchecked and often change the subject.

Impulsive children do not fit in well in a community and usually disrupt the regular processes in the family, kindergarten and school. They also often have problems assessing the facial expressions and gestures of their counterpart. You quickly feel threatened and provoked. This impulsive behavior is often equated with aggressiveness.

Violent mood swings, a general strong irritability, lack of distance, interfering speeches and outbursts of anger about minor causes (frustration intolerance) are also possible signs of impaired impulse control.

Hyperactivity - excessive urge to move

A strong urge to move, which manifests itself in uncontrolled motor restlessness, is called hyperactivity. The children wave their hands and feet around or slide back and forth on the chair and are generally restless. They are constantly on the move, especially in inappropriate situations, such as in school lessons. They have great difficulty being still and are often noticed by playing excessively loudly. The children sleep little, are also often eager to experiment and - because they are often poorly able to assess the dangers - are at risk of accidents.

ADHD-accompanying disorders

In addition to the core symptoms, ADHD patients often develop other disorders (so-called comorbidities) that must be treated as they can have a significant negative impact on the prognosis of ADHD. About 60% of the children affected have such side effects - these include in particular:

  • Behavioral disorders (e.g. aggressiveness); especially in the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type
  • Developmental disorders (e.g. in the motor and language areas as well as in visual perception), school performance deficits and indications of partial performance weaknesses (reading, spelling and / or arithmetic weaknesses);
  • negative self-image or depressive disorders, especially in the predominantly inattentive type;
  • Anxiety disorders (especially fear of performance), especially in the predominantly inattentive type;
  • impaired relationships with family members, educators / teachers, and peers;
  • The combinations with autism spectrum disorders (Asperger's) are also far more common than previously thought and specified in the ICD or DSM;
  • ADHD is just as common in children with less talent. When combined with intellectual disability, the diagnosis is even more difficult to make.

In addition to disrupted social behavior, learning difficulties are the most common among schoolchildren with impaired attention. The achievements in school are usually far below the actual skills. There is a lack of concentration and patience, so a lot of auditory, visual and tactile information is only partially perceived. Despite repetition, information is often not transferred from short-term to long-term memory! Reading, spelling and / or arithmetic weaknesses often exist alongside good performance in other areas.

Positive abnormalities

ADHD children are certainly not all negative. In many areas they are even superior to their healthy peers. So they are usually helpful. They impress and enrich their surroundings through spontaneity, imagination, quick perception, enthusiasm and unconventional views. Often they stand out because of their pronounced sense of justice. Many find their field of activity in creative and artistic areas.