How much money do house cleaners make
A lot of effort for little money : Why so many cleaning women work black
Cleaning windows, vacuuming, folding laundry, ironing, looking after children: almost four million men and women work as domestic helpers in Germany. However, according to a new study by the employer-related Institute of the German Economy (IW), around 80 percent of employees and thus around 3.6 million helpers do this in secret. It is estimated that household services will earn 25 to 30 billion euros in secret this year alone. The clients of employees in private households are actually obliged to register cleaners and other helpers at the mini-job center, provided that they only earn up to 450 euros per month with their work.
Mini-jobbers are insured through the mini-job center
The domestic helpers are insured for pensions, health and accidents via the mini-job center. Most of the insurance premiums are borne by the client, the rest by the service provider. The cost of household helpers can be deducted from tax, but a maximum of 510 euros per year. Service providers such as the company Helpling also offer the possibility of legally employing household helpers. The service providers can be booked via a website, whereby the hourly prices vary between EUR 13.90 (Berlin) and EUR 16.90 (Munich) depending on the location. In Berlin, household workers earn 12 euros, while Helpling earns 1.90 euros. Employees are insured against damage and accidents at work through the company. Although there are various possibilities for the legal employment of cleaning women and the like, most clients opt for the illegal variant. Why? For the pros and cons, the Tagesspiegel has compiled experience reports from various Berlin home help clients. They want to remain anonymous, but their names are known to the editors.
Employee, mid-30s, single
“I never wanted to get rich or famous, I only had one dream: to earn enough money so that I no longer have to clean myself. I've never liked doing that, so I have all the more respect for people who do it for me. But when I studied the hourly rates of agencies on the Internet, I found that the daydreaming is not compatible with my current salary. The prices that I read on Ebay classifieds sounded more realistic. Because I found an hourly wage of eight euros too low, I offered ten of my own accord. And free coffee. Unfortunately, the ladies often came too late or not at all or spoke too little German to make arrangements. At some point I had a German. I'm half Pole myself and thought the idea of reversing the situation was funny. But my cleaning assistant seemed permanently hurt, as if the job was beneath her dignity. And that she understood everything had its drawbacks. When we parted in an argument, she wrote an email with intimate and professional details that she had overheard. Creepy. Today I am happy with a Ukrainian, friends have brought us together. She is not registered with the mini-job center. But she is reliable, discreet, thorough, good-hearted. My dream cleaning lady. "
Salaried employee, single, 58
“It is not so easy to find a nice, trustworthy cleaning lady, especially if it is only for a few, shorter assignments. If you wag around with forms right at the beginning in which you state your insurance number and have to decide for or against complicated-sounding things such as “exemption from compulsory pension insurance”, this is rather detrimental to the successful conclusion. Just reading the leaflet “Labor Law for Mini-Jobbers” is a good way to make potential employers irresistible to do a little housecleaning as a healthy alternative to bureaucracy. The main thing is to secure private cleaning assistance in the event of an accident. Many would probably like to avoid the corresponding risk at a price of, for example, 30 euros, to be paid into a statutory accident insurance fund once a year. If that could be done without having to give all sorts of details, the black employment rate would certainly drop considerably and everyone would be helped. "
Family man, married, 73
“Since Polish citizens have been allowed to work in Germany, we have registered our domestic help through the miners' union. This means that you are also insured in the event of an accident at work in the house, a very important aspect. And of course she gets vacation and Christmas bonuses, the latter equal to one month's wages. We never liked the quasi-illegal employment in the years before, but as a citizen you were forced to do it: We needed domestic help because we are both employed. A German citizen never responds to many advertisements and search messages on the bulletin boards of supermarkets, only Poles. From my point of view, easier work for Poland should have come many years earlier, especially in Berlin. Everyone knows that tens of thousands of Poles are here in the city from Monday to Friday and go home to their families in Poland at the weekend. Due to their illegality, they were also at the mercy of apartment renters in Berlin who took advantage of their emergency situation and rented out small rooms at outrageous prices. Now our domestic help can also live legally in Berlin - in other words, a condition that is satisfactory for all parties. "
Employee, married, 57
“If four out of five households employ black workers, it is not only extremely unpleasant from a tax point of view: The ladies and gentlemen are not allowed to be insured against accidents at their workplaces - and a straw man or a straw woman does not help you further: Risk! I therefore run my holiday home without illegal workers. But I can understand the employers and families who do not register the mini-job in the households or holiday homes. This usually has nothing to do with the wishes of the helpers: The administration of these mini-jobs is time-consuming. If the number of hours changes from month to month according to the workload, the bill must be re-billed every month - a large number of items from maternity benefit to insolvency insurance to flat-rate tax must be processed and submitted. And on time, please. Otherwise, subito will be asked for payment on the basis of an average monthly wage. The percentage points of the individual contributions can change from year to year. The Knappschaft no longer communicates this to the employers. You have had to develop detective skills for several years in order to find out whether percentages have changed or not on the Internet. So this work annoys me month after month, year after year. The administrative effort for a worker who, like me, might earn between 150 and 200 euros a month, is immense. At the end of the year, the exact number of working hours must be specified - for the tax authorities and so that the accident insurance can issue their bill. Everything has to be right with the number of hours and with the transfers to the miners too: a tax audit takes place every five years, every position is recalculated - provided that all documents have been properly copied and submitted. I have experienced this three times so far: Each time there was more or less strong ruffle - it was about cents. In case of doubt, bank statements must be found. Of course, the worker also has to explain himself. Woe if the hours are not right in the individual months: inquiries guaranteed. "
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