Why was Albert Einstein famous

Albert Einstein - genius and scientist

His main work, the theory of relativity, made him world famous. But the physicist Albert Einstein also proved his skills in other fields. You can read which ones were here

World changer: Albert Einstein

  • Life data: March 14, 1879 to April 18, 1955
  • Nationality: Swiss
  • Quote: "I am more interested in the future than in the past, because I intend to live in it."

Albert Einstein revolutionized the world with the theory of relativity. Today his works are considered to be the cornerstone of modern physics.

How Albert Einstein lived

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 to Jewish parents in Ulm. Shortly afterwards the family moved to Munich. His father opened a business here. When things didn't go well after a few years, the Einsteins emigrated to Milan without their son. Albert dropped out of high school without a degree and switched to a non-church school in Switzerland on his own.

He then graduated from the Polytechnic (Zurich Technical University) with a diploma as a specialist in mathematics and physics. During his student days Einstein met his future wife, with whom he had two sons.

He worked as a third-class technical expert at the Swiss Patent Office, so he was primarily responsible for monitoring the decisions of others. Because this work was not very demanding on him, he continued to devote himself to theoretical physics in his free time.

How Albert Einstein changed the world

At the age of 26, Albert Einstein published his most important scientific works: the first is the treatise published in 1905 "About a heuristic point of view relating to the generation and transformation of light on the photoelectric effect"with which he laid the foundation for modern atomic and particle physics.

In 1907 he wrote for the first time about the theory of relativity, known under the formula E = mc², so energy (E) is equal to mass (m) times the speed of light to the power of two (²). He later completed his work as a "special theory of relativity". In this treatise, Einstein proved that space and time are interrelated. His equation revolutionized the world.

The now world-famous physicist worked from then on as director at various institutes, including what is now the Max Planck Institute and the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. He separated from his wife and married his cousin Elsa Löwenthal. In the 1920s he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to quantum physics, the research into the "photoelectric effect". Einstein traveled to the United States to give lectures and thus spread his theories.

Although he resigned from the Jewish religious community at the age of 17, his origins made it difficult for him to return to Germany: there, Adolf Hitler ruled with his National Socialist party. Albert Einstein therefore spent the last years of his life with his family in Princeton, USA. He died there on April 18, 1955 at the age of 76.

Video: Albert Einstein's theory of relativity briefly explained