Why do some Singaporean men dislike NS?

"The Holocaust was not a priority in the media"

L.I.S.A .: What image of Germany did the foreign correspondents paint between 1933 and 1945? Is it the image we have of Nazi Germany today? Did the French report differently from the English or the Americans? And how did it relate to the image of Germany that Joseph Goebbels in particular tried to paint?

Dr. Domeier: These are important questions in my research. Today's perception of National Socialist Germany by the general public is largely determined by Nazi propaganda. If you want to put it bluntly, we are late victims of Goebbels' propaganda apparatus. Take the image portrayed in most recent television documentaries: drum rolls, lightning wars, old men remembering how they worked as tiny screws in what is supposedly a perfect mechanism.

The reality of the Nazi state was far more complex, because it was mainly characterized by opposing movements and power struggles. And that's exactly what my contemporaries - outside of Germany - found out about almost everything, according to my thesis. Every Frenchman until 1939, every American until 1941 and every Swiss even until 1945 was able to follow most of the events, developments and contradictions of the Third Reich in his morning newspaper. In short: Today we are still hanging on to the propaganda picture of the Third Reich, which was drawn by press instructions for the people in the interior of the dictatorship. The media reality in the rest of the world, however, was very different, and it is still awaiting exploration.

The central figure, however, who ensured that the world public was informed about the events in Nazi Germany, was the foreign correspondent. Berlin in the 1930s was also the working field for the first full-time female correspondents, such as the French St├ęphane Roussel, who continued her impressive career in the Bonn Republic after the Second World War.

Of course, there are big differences here. There were also American, British, and French journalists who sympathized with anti-Semitism and National Socialism. Conversely, the correspondents from fascist Italy were particularly critical journalists in the early years of the Nazi regime. In general, however, the following was true: the American press had the greatest freedom of fools, the regime hardly dared to approach it, unlike the British and French, for example. Anyone who read the American press could not have any illusions about the "beautiful appearance of the Third Reich", as the propagandists around Goebbels tried to recreate over and over again.